Technical Paper: Review of Training and Programming Resources on Gender-Based Violence against Key Populations. Middleton Lee S. (2013)

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This Paper focuses on two areas of cross-cutting findings: the existing training and programming resources (their number, strengths, weaknesses and gaps); and the framing of responses to GBV against key populations (their principles, models and approaches). 

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, sex workers, MSM, transgender pople, PWID, GBV

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Why Do Some Men Use Violence Against Women and How Can We Prevent It? Quantitative Findings from the United Nations Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific. Fulu E, Warner X, Miedema S, et al (2013)

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The report, entitled ‘Why Do Some Men Use Violence Against Women and How Can We Prevent It? Quantitative Findings from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific’ was conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea. It explores the prevalence of men’s use of violence against women in the survey sites, and shows what factors make men more or less likely to use violence.

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Why Do Some Men Use Violence Against Women and How Can We Prevent It? UNDP, UNFPA, UN WOMEN and UNV. (2013)

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Quantitative Findings from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific’ was conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea. It explores the prevalence of men’s use of violence against women in the survey sites, and shows what factors make men more or less likely to use violence.

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Analysis of Services to Address Gender-based Violence in Three Countries. Kai S. (2012)

Findings Report_Analysis_of_Services_to_Address_Gender_based_Violence_3_Countries-1

A core principle of the PEPFAR II strategy is to support the long-term sustainability of HIV-related prevention, treatment, care, and support programs and to scale up promising and innovative programs and practices. Breaking the links between HIV infection and GBV requires targeted interventions to foster changes in individual and community norms that perpetuate violence against women and other vulnerable groups (Gardsbane 2010; Interagency Gender Working Group of USAID 2008; Orndorff and Natividad 2009). 

 

 

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Handbook for National Action Plans on Violence against Women. UN Women. (2012)

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The Handbook brings together current knowledge on effective policy for the prevention of, and response to, violence against women, and concretely demonstrates how States have developed and implemented such policy in their own contexts. The document is not a model plan itself, but sets out guidelines to help policy makers and advocates formulate effective plans. It is based on good practices in States’ plans and the advice of experts from different countries and regions. The principles it encapsulates have been designed to be applied regardless of the context, size or resource base of any individual State, though the method of implementation may vary.


Keywords: women, human rights, violence, discrimination, civil society

 

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National Study on Domestic Violence against Women in Tonga 2009. Jansen H A.F.M., Johansson-Fua S, Hafoka-Blake B, and Renee ‘Ilolahia G. (2012)

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The National Study on Domestic Violence against Women in Tonga consisted of two separate components: a quantitative study based on the methodology developed for the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence against Women; and a qualitative study based on Tongan methodology of Talanoa and Nofo (see below). The use of qualitative and quantitative components was to seek results that complemented each other.


Keywords: physical and sexual violence, emotional abuse, partners, reproductive health, children

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Public Sector Response to Gender-based Violence in Vietnam. Spratt K and Trang TT. (2012)

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Gender-based violence (GBV) is under-reported and under-researched in Vietnam (Gardsbane et al. 2010). Several small-scale studies revealed that the prevalence of GBV in Vietnam ranges widely from 16 to 37 percent for physical violence, and 19 to 55 percent for emotional violence, while sexual violence and sexual harassment are rarely reported (Jonzon et al. 2007; Nguyen 2006; Vu et al. 1999). A 2006 national survey with 9,300 households reported that in the preceding 12 months, 21.2 percent of families had reported at least one of the three forms of violence (physical, verbal, coerced sex); husbands were the most frequent perpetrators (Huong 2008). In everyday life, verbal abuse, slapping, and coerced or forced sex are often not considered violence in Vietnam (United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] 2007).

 

Keywords: HIV, GBV, women, violence, gender, health services

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A Long Way to Go: Implementation of the Elimination of Violence against Women Law in Afghanistan. OHCHR and UNAMA (2011)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

This report is based on research carried out by UNAMA/OHCHR human rights officers in Kabul and in eight UNAMA regional offices between March 2010 and September 2011. UNAMA/OHCHR officers gathered detailed statistical and substantive information on implementation of the EVAW law by prosecutors, judges and police officers, and on the status of operations of provincial Commissions for Prevention of Violence against Women.

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Suffering in Silence: Consequences of Sexual Violence within Marriage among Young Women in Nepal. Puri, M., Tamang, J., Shah, I., (2011)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

This paper analyzes data collected during the qualitative study on “Sexual violence among young couples in Nepal”, conducted amongst two major ethnic groups - Brahmin/Chhetri and Tharu - between 2006 and 2007. The data is comprised of 39 free-lists and 15 in-depth case histories with married women aged 15-24 years.
The average rank and Smith’s Salience were calculated from the free-listing data. The thematic analysis approach was used for the analysis of information from the case histories.

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Domestic Violence Legislation and its Implementation: An Analysis for ASEAN Countries Based on International Standards and Good Practices. UNWOMEN (2011)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

In its General Recommendation 19 the CEDAW Committee states, that the definition of discrimination against women includes gender–based violence, that is “violence that is disproportionately directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately. It includes acts that inflict physical, mental or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty. Gender-based violence may breach specific provisions of the Convention, regardless of whether those provisions expressly mention violence”. These research papers - International Standards on Domestic Violence Legislation and Overview of Global Good Practices on Domestic Violence Response Systems prepared by the Lawyers Collective Women’s Rights Initiative, India, and contained in this publication, contribute strongly to the enhancement of domestic legislation in the ASEAN region. Drawing on international standards and good practice globally, they not only provide a rich analysis of existing legislation, but a robust framework to enhance the gender responsiveness of legislation and its implementation.

 

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