Women Living with HIV Speak Out against Violence. UNAIDS. (2014)

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Women living with HIV have a unique perspective on the AIDS epidemic. Similarly, women who have personally experienced violence can inform the debate on how to stop violence against women in a way that no others can. Together, they can provide valuable insight and experiences to end the AIDS epidemic and violence against women.

 

This collection of essays by women living with and affected by HIV sheds light on the experiences of women living with HIV in overcoming and addressing violence against women.

 


Keywords: HIV, women, girls, violence, drug, laws

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16 Ideas for Addressing Violence against Women in the Context of HIV Epidemic: A Programming Tool. WHO and UNAIDS (2013)

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The current publication helps intended users in considering ‘what’ are some effective or promising strategies to consider. It does not provide detailed guidance on ‘how to’ implement them. It intentionally focuses on specific forms of violence that are most common in women’s lives globally, that are most relevant for the HIV epidemic, and for which there is more evidence on promising interventions: intimate partner violence, sexual violence by non-partners and violence experienced by women in selected key populations, such as sex workers.

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Discussion Paper: Linkages between Violence against Women and HIV in Asia and the Pacific. UNDP, APN+, UNZIP the Lips. (2013)

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Violence against women is a human rights crisis in its own right. According to the World Health Organization’s multi-country study on women’s health and violence against women, 13–61 percent of ever partnered women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by a partner in their lifetime. Young women are at particular risk for violence, with as many as 30 percent of women in some locations reporting that their first sexual experience was coerced or forced, and the younger the women were at the time of sexual initiation, the higher the chance that it was violent. Also, the majority of sexually active girls aged 15–19 in developing countries are married, and these married adolescent girls tend to have higher rates of HIV infection than their sexually active, unmarried peers.

 

Keywords: HIV, gender inequality, women, violence, sex workers

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Exploring Gender Based Violence among Men Who have Sex with Men (MSM), Male Sex Worker (MSW) and Transgender (TG) Communities in Bangladesh and Papua New Guinea - Results and Recommendations. Wong CM and Noriega S. (2013)

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Gender-based violence (GBV) is commonly thought of as an issue affecting primarily women and girls; however, stigma, discrimination and violence are also expressed toward men who have sex with men (MSM), male sex workers (MSW) and transgender (TG) individuals. While there is an increasing body of research among sexual minorities identifying the association between GBV and physical and mental health issues, including increased risk of contracting HIV, programs for these populations tend to focus on raising HIV awareness to reduce sexual risks. A better understanding of GBV among MSM/MSW/TG populations is necessary in order to develop clear and targeted recommendations for future interventions targeting this issue.

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Global and Regional Estimates of Violence against Women: Prevalence and Health Effects of Intimate Partner Violence and Nonpartner Sexual Violence. García-Moreno C, Pallitto C, Devries K, Stöckl H and et al. (2013)

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This report, developed by the World Health Organization, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the South African Medical Research Council presents the first global systematic review and synthesis of the body of scientific data on the prevalence of two forms of violence against women — violence by an intimate partner (intimate partner violence) and sexual violence by someone other than a partner (non-partner sexual violence). It shows, for the first time, aggregated global and regional prevalence estimates of these two forms of violence, generated using population data from all over the world that have been compiled in a systematic way. The report also details the effects of violence on women’s physical, sexual and reproductive, and mental health.


Keywords: violence, women, data, health services

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HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections among Men, Transgenders and Women Selling Sex in Two Cities in Pakistan: A Cross-sectional Prevalence Survey. Hawkes S, Collumbien M, Platt L, et al. (2009)

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The extent and possibilities of spread of the HIV epidemic are not fully understood in Pakistan. A survey was conducted among men, women and transgender populations selling sex in Rawalpindi (Punjab) and Abbottabad (North West Frontier Province) in order to inform evidence-based programme planning.

 

Keywords: HIV, FSW, IDUs, STI, clients, condom, violence

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Male-on-male Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk Behaviors among Money Boys and Other Men who Have Sex with Men in Shanghai, China. Dunkle KL, Wong FY, Nehl EJ, Lin L, He N, Huang J and Zheng T. (2013)

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We conclude that violence and abuse from male partners are highly prevalent among Chinese MSM, and that experience of violence from male sexual partners is linked to increased HIV risk. HIV prevention targeting Chinese MSM must address the increased risk associated with experience of male-on-male IPV. Future research should explore links between HIV risk and MSM’s perpetration of violence against male partners, as well as exploring the role of violence in the male-female relationships of men who have sex with and men and women.

 

Keywords: HIV and STI, MSM, MSW, intimate partner violence (IPV), prevalence, sexual risk behaviors

 

 

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Partner Violence and Psychosocial Distress among Female Sex Workers in China. Hong Y, Zhang C, Li X Liu W and Zhou Y. (2013)

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This study is one of the first to examine the association between partner violence and psychosocial distress among FSW in China. The high prevalence of violence experience and distress in this population suggests urgency for intervention. The public health programs targeting FSW should go beyond the focus on HIV/STI prevention and care for the fundamental health and human rights of millions of FSW in China.

 

Keywords: HIV, FSWs, violence, clients

 

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Progress towards United Nations Security Council Resolution 1983 in Asia and the Pacific. Homans H. (2013)

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The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1983 was adopted in June 2011 just before the United Nations (UN) General Assembly High Level Meeting (HLM) agreed the Political Declaration: Intensifying Our Efforts To Eliminate HI and AIDS including ten global targets to achieve by 2015 (“HLM targets”). Together, the HLM targets and UNSC Resolution 1983 provide an opportunity to scale up universal access to HIV and AIDS related services for all uniformed service personnel1 and their family members and for people living with HIV and the key populations at higher risk of HIV with whom uniformed services personnel interact. In Asia and the Pacific, key populations include sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, transgender people, migrants and mobile populations, prisoners, internally and externally displaced people due to humanitarian situations and those at risk of sexual violence.


Keywords: HIV, key populations, gender, violence, discrimination, prevention, treatment

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Rapid Assessment of Institutional Readiness to Deliver Gender-Based Violence and HIV Services in Five Provinces of Papua New Guinea. National AIDS Council of Papua New Guinea and UNDP. (2013)

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In this assessment, the forms of gender-based violence studied include physical, sexual, and emotional abuse of women by their husbands and partners; sexual assault by non-partners; and the physical, sexual, and emotional abuse of children. The needs of men who have sex with men; transgender people; and male, female, and transgender sex workers were also included because these groups are often targets of genderbased violence, including harassment, blackmail, and police violence [United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (APCOM), as cited in Godwin, 2010]. GBV victims and survivors may have also experienced accusations of sorcery, and discrimination in relation to their HIV status.

 

 

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