LGBT-friendly Thailand? A Brief on School Bullying on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. UNESCO. (2014)

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Thailand is often perceived by both foreigners and some of its own population as very accepting of sexual and gender diversity; however some research suggests that Thai society is “tolerant but unaccepting” toward LGBT individuals. Previous studies were conducted on school bullying in Thailand, but only anecdotal evidence revealed the presence of targeted violence toward LGBT students due to their sexual orientation and/or gender identity.

This study aimed to fill this gap in evidence, and to identify policy and programme implications.

 

Keywords: bully, school, education, transgender, sexual diversity, gender, stigma, discrimination, violence

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MDGs Gender Chart 2014. UNSD and UN Women. (2014)

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The biennial MDGs Gender Chart depicts the situation of women and girls in developing regions as reflected in a number of indicators that are used to monitor the MDGs. This is a special edition of the MDGs Gender Chart produced by the UN Statistics Division and UN Women, with contributions from other agencies, such as ILO, OECD, UNESCO’s Institute for Statistics and UNAIDS, for 58th session of the Commission on the status of women whose priority theme is Challenges and achievements in the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals for women and girls. It shows that although there has been some progress in a number of the gender dimensions of the Goals, more needs to be done, in every country and at every level, to achieve the MDGs. 


Keywords: violence, education, human rights, child mortality, maternal deaths, girls, boys

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National Action Plan to Prevent Violence Against Women, 2014-2018. Ministry of Planning, Cambodia. (2014)

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In Cambodia, women and girls continue to be subjected to physical, psychological, sexual and economic violence, cutting across all divisions of income, culture and class in their daily public and private spheres. In contexts where women and girls face additional barriers in access to human rights, protection and justice they often experience additional risks for violence against women. This includes but is not limited to women with disabilities, women living with HIV, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (LBT) women, sex workers, entertainment workers, garment factory workers and other female employees, women who use drugs or their partners use drugs, women in prisons, indigenous women and women from religious or ethnic minorities. 

 


Keywords: HIV, sexual violence, laws, health, women, girls, gender

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Nauru Family Health and Support Study - An Exploratory Study on Violence against Women. Leon C and Detogia T. (2014)

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The Nauru Family Health and Support Study aimed at obtaining reliable information on violence against women (VAW), its characteristics, and consequences. Although the study initially sought to collect a nationally representative sample of women aged 15-64, due to a low response rate, its findings are derived from a reduced sample of eligible women in a small group of districts. The findings of this exploratory study, however, provide a preliminary understanding around VAW in the country and serve as a limited evidence base to create awareness campaigns and education programs around gender roles and VAW. This exploratory study also provides important learning for future quantitative studies on VAW in Nauru.

 

Keywords: physical and sexual violence, gender, partners, children 

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Nauru Family Health and Support Study - An Exploratory Study on Violence against Women. Nauru Ministry of Home Affairs, DFAT and UNFPA. (2014)

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The Nauru Family Health and Support Study aimed at obtaining reliable information on violence against women (VAW), its characteristics, and consequences. Although the study initially sought to collect a nationally representative sample of women aged 15-64, due to a low response rate, its findings are derived from a reduced sample of eligible women in a small group of districts. The findings of this exploratory study, however, provide a preliminary understanding around VAW in the country and serve as a limited evidence base to create awareness campaigns and education programs around gender roles and VAW. This exploratory study also provides important learning for future quantitative studies on VAW in Nauru.


Keywords: women, girls, violence, human rights, justice, gender

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Position Paper: Eliminating Discrimination against Children and Parents Based on Sexual Orientation and/ or Gender Identity. UNICEF. (2014)

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In all regions of the world, children who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) — or otherwise perceived to have different sexualities or gender identities than the norm — often suffer discrimination, intimidation, harassment and violence. Similar patterns of human rights abuses can be found against children whose parents are perceived to be LGBT. Too often, when real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity does not conform to social norms, vulnerabilities increase. These include being exposed to discrimination at school, in hospitals, in sporting teams and in many other settings; to abandonment and rejection by family, community or society; to forced marriage; to hate motivated violence, including murder; and to increased health risks owing to lack of access to appropriate life-skills education and health services.


Keywords: stigma, discrimination, violence, human rights

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Republic of the Marshall Islands National Study on Family Health and Safety. Jansen H A.F.M. and Abraham BT. (2014)

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Violence against women (VAW) is a global problem that crosses cultural, geographic, religious, social, and economic boundaries and is a violation of human rights.1 Violence against women deprives women of their right to take part fully in social and economic life. It causes a myriad of physical and mental health issues and in some cases results in loss of life. A lack of understanding of the magnitude of VAW, its causes and consequences, and the trends and patterns across cultures and countries, including those in the Pacific, hinders the development of efforts to address it.

VAW is a widely known but rarely discussed issue. In the RMI, as in many countries, it is seen as a family problem. There is a need to combine quantitative and qualitative data on the subject not only to inform policy but also to recognize the human rights of women and their families and give voice to those who are largely unheard.


Keywords: prevalence, physical and sexual violence, emotional abuse, controlling behaviors, intimate partners

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Safe Communities - Free From Violence Against Women and Girls. UN Women. (2014)

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Sexual harassment and other forms of sexual violence in public spheres are an everyday occurrence for women and girls around the world – in urban and rural areas, in developed and developing countries. In Nepal, the issue of safety of women  in public places has not been  examined or addressed as a serious issue. In other parts of the world, women's  safety has been addressed as an issues of women’s rights and empowerment. The women's safety audit  (WSA) has been  one  important  tool to understand the nature and causes of lack of safety in public places. Building on the learning from around the world, DidiBahini, in partnership  with UN Women has carried out the WSA in six districts in Nepal to assess the state of women’s safety in public places in the villages. The range and depth of information  and data gathered  from the WSA provides empirical evidence on women’s safety issues in rural areas of Nepal. Many members of the community defined safety as  freedom from various forms of violence. 

 

Keywords: Nepal, women, girls, violence, health, education, gender, community

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School-related Gender-based Violence (SRGBV) in Asia-Pacific. UNGEI and UNITE. (2014)

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Gender-related violence in schools is a violation of human rights that also raises additional barriers to learning and can adversely affect the health of young people. In extreme cases it can even drive young people to suicide. Studies also show that violence begets violence, perpetuating a vicious cycle that can last generations.

 

Keywords: girls, transgender students, schools, bullying, abuse

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School-related Gender-based Violence in the Asia-Pacific Region. UNESCO. (2014)

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The purpose of this review is to examine existing approaches in policy, programming and implementation responses to school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) in the Asia-Pacific region. It seeks to advance our knowledge and learning in this field, both in terms of what we know about the phenomenon and its impact on individuals, as well as how best to address it, including through education.

 

Keywords: gender, violence, discrimination, bullying, abuse, school

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