Health Care Financing in the Asia Pacific Region. Whitaker D, Walford V, and David B. (2013).

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This paper provides an overview of the challenges of financing health care in the region, where many countries are striving to achieve universal health coverage. It examines the contributions of the public and private sectors, and considers the future of external development aid. The paper concludes with reflections on the implications for development partners, discussing how policy issues can be tackled, how aid modalities should develop and where donor assistance should be focused to maximise impact.

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Mapping the Donor Landscape in Global Health: HIV/AIDS. Kates J, Michaud J, Wexler A, and Valentine A. (2013)

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To provide some perspective on the geographic presence of global health donors and to help stakeholders begin to answer some of the above questions, the Kaiser Family Foundation is undertaking a series of analyses to describe the global health “donor landscape.” Using three years of data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), we map the geographic landscape of global health donor assistance, looking both at donor presence and magnitude of donor assistance by issue area, region, and country. The effort is intended to shed new light on donor presence within and across recipient countries, and to produce a set of figures and tools that stakeholders can use in both donor and recipient countries.

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Financing the Response to AIDS in Low- and Middle- Income Countries: International Assistance from Donor Governments in 2011. Kates J, Wexler A, Lief E and Gobet B. (2012).

2012 Financing_response_to_AIDS_in_low_and_middle_income_countries_in_2011-1

This report is based on analysis of data provided by the 23 donor government members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the European Union (EU). It includes their combined bilateral assistance and contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund) and to UNITAID. 

 

 

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National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA I) in Papua New Guinea, 2009-2010. Anastasiya N. (2012)

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The National HIV and AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) approach to resource tracking is a systematic methodology used to determine the flow of resources intended to combat HIV and AIDS. The tool tracks actual expenditure (public, private and international) both in health and non-health sectors that comprises the National Response to HIV and AIDS. It represents HIV Response in the monetary values.

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Costs and Cost-effectiveness of HIV Prevention and Impact Mitigation Interventions in Cambodia. National AIDS Authority, Cambodia. (2012)

Cost effective_HIV_prevention_interventions_2012-1

This report is aimed at assisting in building the case for the need for significant improvements across prevention and impact mitigation interventions leading to a “value for money”, cost-effective national response. Each of the main sections in this report are focused on key affected populations—Entertainment Workers (EW) who sell sex, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people (TG) and injecting drug users (IDUs). Each population section goes through the assumptions and results of both the costing and cost-effectiveness analyses for each group.

 

 

 

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2012 National AIDS Spending Assessment In-Country Exercise. Ravuci L, Seva M, Rokovunisei M, et al. (2012)

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The Fiji Government, via the National HIV Board, is pursuing a robust initiative to capture strategic information regarding the national response to HIV & AIDS vis-à-vis the tracking of financial information from financing sources to actual expenditures.
The National HIV Board continues to understand and promote the importance of the National AIDS Spending Assessment methodology as it provides a platform to influence decision making in terms of future resource allocations in the HIV & AIDS response.

 

Keywords: HIV response, NASA, financing, prevention, care, treatment, PLHIV, most at risk populations

 

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Sri Lanka: National AIDS Spending Assessment 2009-2010. Colombo, Institute for Health Policy and National STD/AIDS Control Programme Ministry of Health (2012)

Sri Lanka_National_AIDS_Spending_Assessment

Tracking of national HIV expenditures and financing flows are an essential requirement to monitor and plan the resources for tackling HIV. The National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) tool, assists to monitor these scarce resources for HIV, considering not just the health components, but also education, social protection services, and others, in order to evaluate and quantify the multi-sectoral approach of the national AIDS response. NASA will help to identify funding gaps and duplication of funding in the national response to HIV epidemic.

This publication provides estimates of overall HIV spending in the country for the years 2009–2010, and will be of much value to the Ministry of Health (MOH), as well as the stakeholders who are interested in understanding the financial flows of the national AIDS response.

 

 

 

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Meeting the Investment Challenge Tipping the Dependency Balance. UNAIDS (2012)

Investment Challenge_Supplement

Shared Responsibility Mutual Accountability Global Solidarity.

Domestic investments have surpassed global giving in 2011. Low- and middle-income countries invested US$ 8.6 billion in 2011. While countries are tipping the balance, international assistance still remains critical and indispensable in the short and medium term. International assistance from donor government and philanthropies has remained stable at around US$ 8.2 billion in the past few years.

 

 

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The Long Run Costs and Financing of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia. Saphonn V, Chhorvann C, Sopheab H, and et al (2012).

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The methodology for carrying out this study has centered on three elements:
- projection of the course of the epidemic under different program scale-up scenarios;
- estimating the resources required for addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic as it unfolds according to the different scenarios; and,
- assessing how the resources required in the future might be financed

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China National AIDS Spending Assessment 2010. Yakusik A, Zhongdan C, Fernández CA, et al. (2012)

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Comprehensive information about national spending on AIDS response is crucial for health policy development and evaluation. Dehong Prefecture of Yunnan Province is one of the areas hardest hit by HIV in China. Since 1989, when the first 146 HIV-infected injecting drug users (IDUs) were identified in Dehong, this area with 1.1 million of people reported a cumulative total of 17,590 HIV cases by the end of 2010. Studies conducted suggest that the population prevalence for HIV infections in Dehong Prefecture is estimated to be 1.3%. IDUs make up the majority of the people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Dehong Prefecture, accounting for more than a half of the total number of estimated HIV cases in Dehong with high estimated HIV prevalence. HIV transmission mode has been changing gradually over the recent years from intravenous drug use to heterosexual and homosexual transmission. This study provides a comprehensive overview of the overall level and composition of major investments in national AIDS response in Dehong Prefecture introducing National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) as a method for the purpose.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, cases, death, mode of transmission, investments, funding

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