Game Changers, Success Stories, Lessons Learned: The ADB Cooperation Fund for Fighting HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific. ADB. (2015)

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While the response to the region’s HIV epidemic has chalked up impressive gains in HIV prevention and treatment, too many people continue to fall through the gaps in existing services.

The ADB Cooperation Fund for Fighting HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific benefitted from a $19.2 million grant from the Government of Sweden with the goal of assisting ADB’s developing member countries meet their commitment to Millennium Development Goal 6, target 6A: to have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV. The objective of the fund was to support these countries to develop a comprehensive AIDS response; enable them to partner with ADB in areas that play to the bank’s strategic value and advantages; and particularly to benefit subregions, countries and communities that are most vulnerable to HIV. 

This report summarizes the experiences and lessons learned of the Cooperation Fund.


Keywords: data, new infections, treatments, sex work, PLHIV, MDG


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Financing the Response to HIV in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Kates J, Wexler A and Lief E. (2015)

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As world leaders meet to discuss the future of financing for development and to endorse new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the post-MDG era, the global community is taking stock of the progress made as well as the work that remains to be done, including in addressing the HIV epidemic. Since the establishment of the MDGs in 2000, through 2013 new HIV infections have decreased by almost 40% and the number of AIDSrelated deaths has decreased by 35% since 2005. Still, in 2013, more than million people were newly infected with HIV and 1.5 million died. In addition, new infections are rising in some parts of the world and some groups continue to be at disproportionately high risk for HIV and lack access to needed treatment and other interventions. As a result, a new UNAIDS Lancet Commission Report on Defeating AIDS calls for a significant ramping up of funding for AIDS efforts now, stating that “the next 5 years present a window of opportunity to scale up the AIDS response to end AIDS as a public health problem by 2030”. While the Commission notes that affected countries with financial capacity should fund more of their AIDS response, the need for international funding, particularly from donor governments, remains high. UNAIDS and the Kaiser Family Foundation have been tracking donor government assistance provided to address HIV in low- and middle-income countries since 2002. This report provides data from 2014, the latest available on their funding.


Keywords: HIV, donors, governments, funding, data, Kaiser Family Foundation

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HIV Prevention Research and Development Funding Trends, 2000–2014. AVAC, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative and UNAIDS. (2015)

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In its eleventh annual report, the HIV Vaccines & Microbicides Resource Tracking Working Group (the “Working Group”) documents biomedical HIV prevention research and development (R&D1) spending for the calendar year 2014, as well as reports on an analysis of investment trends spanning fourteen years. The Working Group generates estimates of R&D investment that can be compared year to year across options and strategies and funding sources, helping assess the impact of public policies aimed at accelerating scientific progress and to provide facts for advocacy. This effort provides transparency for funders, policy makers and HIV/AIDS advocates so they can better understand and track investment flows.

 


Keywords: HIV, prevention funding, investments, AIDS vaccines, PrEP

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Unfinished Business: Tracking Global Commitments on AIDS, Volume 4. Hohlfelder E and Lluberes C. (2015)

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We have made incredible progress in the global fight against HIV/AIDS. But we are starting to see a dangerous level of complacency which threatens to reverse the real achievements made so far.

The world stands at a critical juncture: if we act with urgency in the next five years, we could end AIDS as an epidemic by 2030. But achieving this goal will require $12 billion annually more by 2020, targeted more effectively to reach the most vulnerable. Our new report calls on governments to prioritize support for the Global Fund; leaders in sub-Saharan Africa to invest more domestic resources in health; and the private sector to play a greater role.

 

Keywords: HIV, AIDS, ARV, treatment, spending, funding, donors 

 

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Global Fund Country Allocations: 2014-2016. The Global Fund. (2014)

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With a more strategic approach based on national plans, the new funding model will support countries in planning how to control these epidemics and to provide care and treatment to people affected by them, including strengthening of health systems. The new funding model relies on strong country dialogue to bring partners together to best decide how to maximize impact, and to look at how all available resources can serve a country’s objectives. 

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MSM and Transgender Engagement in Global Fund New Funding Model Country Dialogue in Pakistan. APCOM. (2014)

immage In 2014, the Global Fund’s New Funding Model (NFM) will begin operating. Inclusiveness of civil society and key affected populations (KAP) (including men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people) is a key feature of the NFM. It is also one of the main criteria in assessing whether funding applications are robust. Country Dialogue is the term used by the Global Fund to describe the inclusive, ongoing consultative processes at the country level that is meant to inform all stages of the NFM process. Therefore, the country dialogue process presents a significant opportunity for civil society organisations representing MSM and transgender people to be meaningfully involved in all the stages of the NFM.
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Fact Sheet: Investing in Sexual and Reproductive Health in Asia. UNFPA and Guttmacher Institute. (2014)

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Sexual and reproductive health services enable women and couples to have the number of children they want, when they want them; to deliver their babies safely and have healthy newborns; and to have healthy sexual lives, free from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

 

Keywords: HIV, maternal health, human rights, investments, cost-effectiveness

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Eligibility List 2014. The Global Fund. (2014)

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Eligibility for Global Fund financing is determined in accordance with the revised Eligibility and Counterpart Financing policy (ECFP), which is designed to ensure that available resources are allocated to countries and regions with the highest disease burden and least ability to bring financial resources to address these health problems. The Global Fund Eligibility List identifies which country components are eligible to receive an allocation in the new funding model. If a country has no eligible components they do not appear on the list.

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MSM and Transgender Engagement in Global Fund New Funding Model Country Dialogue in The Philippines. APCOM. (2014)

immage In 2014, the Global Fund’s New Funding Model (NFM) will begin operating. Inclusiveness of civil society and key affected populations (KAP) (including men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people) is a key feature of the NFM. It is also one of the main criteria in assessing whether funding applications are robust. Country Dialogue is the term used by the Global Fund to describe the inclusive, ongoing consultative processes at the country level that is meant to inform all stages of the NFM process. Therefore, the country dialogue process presents a significant opportunity for civil society organisations representing MSM and transgender people to be meaningfully involved in all the stages of the NFM.
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The Global Fund's China Legacy. Huang Y and Ping J. (2014)

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Over the past decade, the Global Fund's presence in China has left behind a deeply mixed legacy. Although the Fund's money has made important contributions to China's fight against AIDS, TB, and malaria, as well as its domestic health governance in ideational, institutional, and policy domains, it is associated with uneven progress in grant performance, low value for money, unintended effects on civil society–building, and enduring challenges to scaling-up and sustainability.

 

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