A System-wide Approach to Analysing Efficiency across Health Programmes. Sparkes S, Durán A and Kutzin J. (2017)

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This “System-wide approach to analysing efficiency across health programmes” approach equips countries with a framework to identify and correct inefficiencies that compromise governments’ ability to improve, or at the very least sustain, the delivery of priority health services. More specifically, the aim is to look across the array of health programmes that are part of each country’s health system in order to detect “cross-programmatic” duplications, overlaps and misalignments. Once these have been identified, there is a foundation to address them through changes to specific aspects of how programmes are configured and operate within the context of a country’s overall health system.


Keywords: HIV, TB, health systems, drugs, policy, financing

 

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Achieving Sustainable Development Goals in East and North-East Asia. ESCAP. (2017)

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The report explains a set of priority areas for East and North-East Asia to implement the 2030 Development Agenda: promoting poverty reduction and safeguarding the basic needs; enhancing energy efficiency and optimizing energy structure; addressing climate change; increasing resilience to disasters; and enhancing resource efficiency to maintain resource security. It also recommends the countries in the subregion to jointly mobilize their contributions to the implementation of SDGs through national measures, enhancing subregional cooperation, and regional cooperation.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, SDGs, MDGs, treatment, prevention

 

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Addressing Drug Problems in Myanmar. Transnational Institute (TNI). (2017)

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This policy briefing was drafted by a group of local and international organisations with in-depth knowledge and extensive experience of drug-related issues in Myanmar. It is structured around a set of five strategic interventions, each of which comes with concrete recommendations that are adapted to the Myanmar context. It contains reliable, up-to-date information and examples of evidence-based practices from Myanmar and around the world.


Keywords: harm reduction, discrimination, civil engagement, health

 

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Advancing Human Rights, Equality and Inclusive Governance to End AIDS. UNDP. (2017)

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The Global Commission on HIV and the law issued its landmark report in July 2012 and made several recommendations how the law can be used to respond to HIV in an evidence informed, rights based manner. Since the release of the Global Commission’s report, UNDP, working in partnership with UN Member States,  civil society, UNAIDS cosponsors, the UNAIDS Secretariat, and other partners has supported the advancement of the Commission’s recommendations in at least 88 countries. This Issue Brief provides a short overview of the Commission’s report and a snapshot of outcomes it has contributed to.

 

Keywords:  HIV, human rights, adults, laws, policy, gender, violence

 

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Advancing the Right to Health: the Vital Role of Law. WHO. (2017)

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This report aims to raise awareness about the role that the reform of public health laws can play in advancing the right to health and in creating the conditions for people to live healthy lives. By encouraging a better understanding of how public health law can be used to improve the health of the population, the report aims to encourage and assist governments to reform their public health laws in order to advance the right to health.

The report highlights important issues that may arise during the process of public health law reform. It provides guidance about issues and requirements to be addressed during the process of developing public health laws. It also includes case studies and examples of legislation from a variety of countries to illustrate effective law reform practices and some features of effective public health legislation.


Keywords: human rights, public health, laws, health policy

 

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Afghanistan 2015 Demographic and Health Survey - Key Findings. Central Statistics Organization (CSO), Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) and ICF. (2017)

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The objective of the survey was to provide reliable estimates of fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, awareness and use of family planning methods, breastfeeding practices, nutrition, maternal and child health and mortality, awareness and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other health-related issues such as smoking, tuberculosis, and cancer that can be used by program managers and policymakers to evaluate and improve existing programs.


Keywords: AfDHS, HIV, STI, TB, mortality, antenatal care (ANC), health care, testing 

 

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Afghanistan Demographic and Health Survey 2015. Central Statistics Organization (CSO), Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), and ICF. (2017)

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The primary objective of the 2015 AfDHS project is to provide up-to-date estimates of basic demographic and health indicators. Specifically, the AfDHS collected information on knowledge and practice of family planning, fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, child feeding practices, nutritional status of children and women, childhood mortality, maternal and child health, awareness and attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS, knowledge about other illnesses (e.g., tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C), and domestic violence. The information collected through the AfDHS is intended to assist policymakers and program managers in evaluating and designing programs and strategies for improving the health of the country’s population. 


Keywords: HIV, STI, knowledge, prevention, testing, child transmission

 

 

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Agenda for Zero Discrimination in Health-care Settings. UNAIDS. (2017)

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Under international human rights law, countries have a legal obligation to address discrimination in health care and the workplace. They are also obliged to refrain from withholding, censoring or misrepresenting health information—for example, stating that use of condoms does not prevent the spread of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections is not permitted.

 


Keywords: HIV, prevention, treatment, care services, stigma, discrimination

 

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Asia-Pacific Sustainable Development Goals Outlook. ESCAP. (2017)

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The diversity of the issues covered by this report required the collaboration of a large community of experts and practitioners based in the region and beyond. The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) acknowledge the contributions made by more than 100 experts towards the preparation and production of the Asia-Pacific Sustainable Development Goals Outlook report.


Keywords: HIV, SDGs, health care, women, youth

 

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Briefing Paper: Drug Dependence Treatment in China: A Policy Analysis. Tibke P. (2017)

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Drug use and supply have been a sensitive and high-priority issue for successive governments in China since at least the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century. China’s policy response to drug use relies on punishment and coercion as central components, including compulsory detoxification, detention in labour camps or so-called ‘rehabilitation’ facilities, and compulsory registration with law enforcement authorities resulting in surveillance and random interrogations. 

 

Yet, in the late-1990s, in a policy move that appeared to emphasize healthcare instead of punishment for people who inject drugs, China began implementing the world’s largest scale-up provision of opioid substitution therapy (OST) and needle and syringe programmes (NSP) – two critical harm reduction measures for preventing HIV transmission. However, the overall approach towards people who use drugs remains punitive and stigmatising in China. As drug use continues to rise and expand across a greater range of drugs (especially synthetic drugs such as methamphetamine), as well as amongst younger age groups, China requires a comprehensive system of evidence-based and humane drug treatment and harm reduction services capable of advancing the health and quality of life of individuals and communities.

 

Keywords: China, HIV, PWID, NSPs and OST, drugs, health, law

 

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Highlighted publications
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_AIDS_by_the_numbers_2016.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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