A System-wide Approach to Analysing Efficiency across Health Programmes. Sparkes S, Durán A and Kutzin J. (2017)

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This “System-wide approach to analysing efficiency across health programmes” approach equips countries with a framework to identify and correct inefficiencies that compromise governments’ ability to improve, or at the very least sustain, the delivery of priority health services. More specifically, the aim is to look across the array of health programmes that are part of each country’s health system in order to detect “cross-programmatic” duplications, overlaps and misalignments. Once these have been identified, there is a foundation to address them through changes to specific aspects of how programmes are configured and operate within the context of a country’s overall health system.


Keywords: HIV, TB, health systems, drugs, policy, financing

 

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Advancing the Right to Health: the Vital Role of Law. WHO. (2017)

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This report aims to raise awareness about the role that the reform of public health laws can play in advancing the right to health and in creating the conditions for people to live healthy lives. By encouraging a better understanding of how public health law can be used to improve the health of the population, the report aims to encourage and assist governments to reform their public health laws in order to advance the right to health.

The report highlights important issues that may arise during the process of public health law reform. It provides guidance about issues and requirements to be addressed during the process of developing public health laws. It also includes case studies and examples of legislation from a variety of countries to illustrate effective law reform practices and some features of effective public health legislation.


Keywords: human rights, public health, laws, health policy

 

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Afghanistan 2015 Demographic and Health Survey - Key Findings. Central Statistics Organization (CSO), Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) and ICF. (2017)

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The objective of the survey was to provide reliable estimates of fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, awareness and use of family planning methods, breastfeeding practices, nutrition, maternal and child health and mortality, awareness and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other health-related issues such as smoking, tuberculosis, and cancer that can be used by program managers and policymakers to evaluate and improve existing programs.


Keywords: AfDHS, HIV, STI, TB, mortality, antenatal care (ANC), health care, testing 

 

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Afghanistan Demographic and Health Survey 2015. Central Statistics Organization (CSO), Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), and ICF. (2017)

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The primary objective of the 2015 AfDHS project is to provide up-to-date estimates of basic demographic and health indicators. Specifically, the AfDHS collected information on knowledge and practice of family planning, fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, child feeding practices, nutritional status of children and women, childhood mortality, maternal and child health, awareness and attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS, knowledge about other illnesses (e.g., tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C), and domestic violence. The information collected through the AfDHS is intended to assist policymakers and program managers in evaluating and designing programs and strategies for improving the health of the country’s population. 


Keywords: HIV, STI, knowledge, prevention, testing, child transmission

 

 

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Briefing Paper: Drug Dependence Treatment in China: A Policy Analysis. Tibke P. (2017)

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Drug use and supply have been a sensitive and high-priority issue for successive governments in China since at least the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century. China’s policy response to drug use relies on punishment and coercion as central components, including compulsory detoxification, detention in labour camps or so-called ‘rehabilitation’ facilities, and compulsory registration with law enforcement authorities resulting in surveillance and random interrogations. 

 

Yet, in the late-1990s, in a policy move that appeared to emphasize healthcare instead of punishment for people who inject drugs, China began implementing the world’s largest scale-up provision of opioid substitution therapy (OST) and needle and syringe programmes (NSP) – two critical harm reduction measures for preventing HIV transmission. However, the overall approach towards people who use drugs remains punitive and stigmatising in China. As drug use continues to rise and expand across a greater range of drugs (especially synthetic drugs such as methamphetamine), as well as amongst younger age groups, China requires a comprehensive system of evidence-based and humane drug treatment and harm reduction services capable of advancing the health and quality of life of individuals and communities.

 

Keywords: China, HIV, PWID, NSPs and OST, drugs, health, law

 

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End Violence Against Children - The Global Partnership Strategy 2016-2020. End Violence Against Children. (2017)

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The Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children was formed by countries, civil society, the United Nations, the academic community and the private sector to transform these shared responsibilities into concrete action.
As this strategy makes clear, the Partnership provides a global platform for countries – and all those working toward the goal of ending violence against children – to share lessons learned and best practices, and to facilitate greater cooperation and coordination of our common efforts.

At the national level, and working through its members, the Global Partnership will support national action to make ending violence against children a policy and programme priority – by strengthening laws to prevent and punish violence against children... improving the way we respond to violence against children and reduce its impact... targeting those most vulnerable to violence with access to information and support... and above all, changing the mindset that violence is permissible in our institutions, our communities or our homes.


Keywords: SDGs, children, violence, gender, rights


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Ethics Guidance for the Implementation of the TB Strategy. WHO. (2017)

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The World Health Organization End TB Strategy is fully aligned with the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Both require due attention to equity, human rights and ethics. In fact, “protecting human rights, ethics and equity” is one of the four key principles of the WHO End TB Strategy. The SDG agenda itself is inspired by a simple motto: “Leave no one behind”. Ensuring that these essential principles guide the implementation of the End TB Strategy is a must, especially when tuberculosis (TB) is rampant among the most vulnerable and marginalized populations everywhere in the world.


Keywords: human rights, care and prevention, treatment, children, prisoners, migrants, health care

 

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Frequently Asked Questions — The Global AIDS Monitoring 2017. UNAIDS. (2017)

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This document provides answers to questions that have been received frequently from UN staff, their national counterparts, and the global reporting focal points.

 

For more information on the Global AIDS Monitoring, please visit website (www.unaids.org/aidsreporting), or email us at www.unaids.org/aidsreporting  

 


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, NCPI, funding matrix, GAM tool, spectrum

 

 

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Getting to Zero — Global Social Work Responds to HIV. International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW) and UNAIDS. (2017)

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The report brings together 18 different contributions on the response to HIV from countries as diverse as Brazil, Ethiopia, the United States of America and Zimbabwe. AIDS is as much a social challenge as a medical challenge, and social workers have been part of the response to HIV since the beginning of the AIDS epidemic. The contributions describe the innovative work of social workers around the world, which can be adapted to other countries and communities towards ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, deaths, policy, response, zero discrimination, new infections 

 

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Global Priority List of Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria to Guide Research, Discovery, and Development of New Antibiotics. WHO. (2017)

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The World Health Organization was requested by Member States to develop a global priority pathogens list (global PPL) of antibiotic-resistant bacteria to help in prioritizing the research and development (R&D) of new and effective antibiotic treatments. To date, the selection of pathogens for R&D activities has been largely guided by small and large pharmaceutical companies according to a variety of parameters, such as perceived/unmet medical need, pressure of investors, market size, scientific discovery potential, and availability of specific technologies. Previous PPLs, issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Keywords: new antibiotics, treatment, drugs, antibiotic resistance

 

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Get_on_the_Fast-Track_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_July-Oct-AIDSreg2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Response_Progress_Reporting_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_AIDS_by_the_numbers_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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