Population Mobility and Spread of HIV across the Indo-Nepal Border. Nepal B (2007)

Population Mobility and Spread of HIV across the Indo-Nepal Border. Nepal B (2007) The article reviews information on the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS and behavioural networking to examine the role of population mobility in spreading HIV across the Indo-Nepal border. Documents were collected through a systematic search of electronic databases and web-based information resources, and the review focuses on studies about types of the virus, prevalence of HIV, and sexual and injecting networking. HIV-1 (subtype C) and HIV-2 were identified in Nepal. The prevalence of HIV was higher among male labour migrants and female sex workers (FSWs) who returned from India, especially from Mumbai, than in similar non-migrant groups.

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Republic of Indonesia: Support for HIV and AIDS Prevention in Infrastructure. ADB (2007)

Republic of Indonesia: Support for HIV and AIDS Prevention in Infrastructure. ADB (2007) The Government of Indonesia has requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to provide technical assistance (TA) to develop a strategy for HIV and AIDS prevention in infrastructure projects for the Ministry of Public Works (MPW). This request followed a dialogue with MPW and the National AIDS Commission (NAC) about the potential spread of HIV through infrastructure projects, especially transportation and road projects. The TA was programmed in connection with the ADB-financed Road Rehabilitation-2 project 2 Consultations with nongovernment HIV and AIDS prevention and other development partners indicated potential risks and shortcomings in current efforts to mitigate these risks. ADB conducted fact-finding in June 2007 and agreed with the Government on the overall TA support and implementation arrangements. The design and monitoring framework is in Appendix 1.

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Supporting HIV Prevention in the People’s Republic of China. ADB (2007)

Supporting HIV Prevention in the People’s Republic of China. ADB (2007) The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is supporting a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention program, which is being implemented in conjunction with the Western Yunnan Roads Development Project (Baolong Highway) in the People’s Republic of China (PRC).

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The Vulnerability of Migrants to HIV/AIDS in China and Mongolia. Iredale R, Zheng Z and Ko SH (2007)

The Vulnerability of Migrants to HIV/AIDS in China and Mongolia. Iredale R, Zheng Z and Ko SH (2007) Countries of North East Asia have experienced an increase in the number of migrants in recent years, both internal and international. Flows across borders, especially from the North Korea to China and often ultimately to the South Korea, or other parts of Asia, and between China, Mongolia and Russia, have escalated markedly in the last decade. South Korea has become an important destination for many migrant workers, including commercial sex workers.

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Effective Models of Programming from Lessons Learned in HIV/AIDS. Bonds, S (2006)

Effective Models of Programming from Lessons Learned in HIV/AIDS. Bonds, S (2006) Based on findings from another WVV HIV project (MF with Women’s Union) that women were practicing sex work along Highway One

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Female Migrants: Bridging the Gaps throughout the Life Cycle. UNFPA and IOM (2006)

Female Migrants: Bridging the Gaps throughout the Life Cycle. UNFPA and IOM (2006) Women make up nearly half of all migrants, an estimated 95 million of 191 million people living outside their countries of origin in 2005.1 Having said this, after many years of observing migration and collecting data there is remarkably little reliable information about women as migrants. This anomaly underlines their continuing invisibility to policymakers and development planners. The High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development by the General Assembly on 14-15 September 2006 offers the best opportunity in a generation to address the rights, needs, capabilities and contribution of women migrants.

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Integrated Bio-Behavioral Survey among Male Labor Migrants in 11 Districts in Western, Mid and Far Western Regions of Nepal 2006. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Service, FHI, et al. (2006)

Integrated Bio-Behavioral Survey among Male Labor Migrants in 11 Districts in Western, Mid and Far Western Regions of Nepal 2006. FHI and USAID (2006) This is the first round of the Integrated Bio-Behavioral Survey (IBBS) conducted among 360 migrant workers in five districts of Kaski, Palpa, Syangja, Kapilbastu and Gulmi in Western development region and another 360 migrants from Banke, Surkhet, Kailali, Kanchanpur, Doti, and Achham districts in Mid-Far Western regions. These districts were selected in consultation with FHI/Nepal and USAID/Nepal, as they have very high concentration of population who migrate for work to India. The IBBS was carried out during the months of March-June, 2006. The survey measured HIV and Syphilis prevalence among migrant workers and variables which are associated with the risk of HIV infection, such as condom use, sexual behaviors, knowledge of HIV/AIDS, reported cases of sexually transmitted infection (STI), STI treatment behaviors, exposure to HIV/AIDS messages and drug habits.

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Migration Patterns Survey and HIV Vulnerability Assessment Mapping in Selected Districts of Timor-Leste. Earnest J and Finger R (2006)

dmdocuments/Migration_patterns_survey_and_HIV_Vulnerability_assessment_mapping_in_selected_districts_of_TimorLeste.pdf

Timor-Leste, the world’s newest democracy, is one of the least developed countries in the world. The violence following the 1999 referendum destroyed most of the country’s economic and social infrastructure.


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Protecting People on the Move: Applying Lessons Learned in Asia to Improve HIV/AIDS Interventions for Mobile People. USAID, FHI, Impact et al (2006)

Protecting People on the Move: Applying Lessons Learned in Asia to Improve HIV/AIDS Interventions for Mobile People. USAID, FHI, Impact et al (2006) In today’s world, people are on the move more than ever before. Recent figures count some 170 million migrants currently living outside their country of citizenship. Even greater numbers of people move within their own countries or travel temporarily every year. The reasons people move are varied—some voluntary, some not. They include socio- economic motives, occupational pursuits, exploration, exploitation and displacement as a result of conflict, disaster, or national policies.

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Report of Community Assessment and Evaluation of HIV Effort on Cross Border Travelers in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (2006)

Report of Community Assessment and Evaluation of HIV Effort on Cross Border Travelers in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (2006) Under the auspice of the Community Forum on AIDS of the ACA, an exercise named Community Assessment and Evaluation was embarked in the first half of 2006 to draw community input for the formulation of Recommended Hong Kong AIDS Strategies 2007-2011. Working group on seven groups, viz. commercial sex workers and clients, men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, women and children, people living with HIV/AIDS, youth and cross-border travelers were formed to undertake the exercise. Each Working group was convened by a community expert in the field and with members drawn from key agencies, stakeholders and other persons involved. Technical and secretariat support was provided by Special Preventive Programme. A common framework of reviewing epidemiological data, evaluating current response, reviewing overseas guidelines and developing recommendations on prevention and care of local relevance was employed. A report was generated by each Working Group from the exercise.

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