Snapshot 2016: Mothers and Children in Asia and the Pacific. UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Asia and the Pacific and AIDS Data Hub. (2017)

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The report prepared by UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Asia and the Pacific and AIDS Data Hub provides information on the HIV epidemic and response on mothers and children in Asia and the Pacific.

 

 


Keywords: HIV, infections, services, diagnosis 

 

 

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A Common Cause - Reaching Every Woman and Child through Universal Health Coverage. Rosa G, Wright S and Gugushvili D. (2016)

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Countries around the world have committed to a historic ambition: to end preventable child and maternal deaths within a generation.

A Common Cause shows why two key movements in global health – maternal and child health, and Universal Health Coverage – need to join forces to make that ambition a reality.

The report argues for universal access to an integrated continuum of care for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health, provided through strengthened primary healthcare and referral systems.


Keywords: HIV, Indonesia, UHC, women, children, adolescents, healthcare

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Child, Early and Forced Marriage Legislation in 37 Asia-Pacific Countries. Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and WHO. (2016)

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Practices like child, early and forced marriage (CEFM) remain an obstacle to the full achievement of better health for children and adolescents. CEFM is also a human rights violation that endangers health and growth, disrupts education, limits opportunities for empowerment and social development, and increases the risk of exposure to violence and abuse.

A 10 per cent reduction in CEFM could contribute to a 70 per cent reduction in maternal mortality rates and a three per cent decrease in infant mortality in individual countries. Getting married at an earl y age also leads to higher fertility rates, unwanted pregnancies, a higher risk of complications during childbirth, limited educational advancement, and reduced economic earning potential for girls and wome

This study aims to assist parliamentarians in their efforts to end CEFM through legislation, and to improve the health of children and young girls in their countries.

 


Keywords: sexual and reproductive health, human rights, violence, girl, abuse

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Children: Stop TB Key Populations Brief. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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Childhood TB has been called a “sentinel event” because it indicates failure on two fronts. First, it signals an ongoing transmission, since the child likely contracted TB from someone close to him or her and who has likely remained untreated. Second, it indicates a wider failure in the system, since it points to the lack of preventative therapy that could have easily stopped the child from developing TB in the first place.

 

Keywords: TB, children, diagnostics, treatment, health system

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Fact Sheet: Children and HIV. UNAIDS. (2016)

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Despite continuing progress in stopping new HIV infections among children there are still major challenges in ensuring access to effective antiretroviral therapy for children living with HIV. The challenges start with diagnosing HIV among children.
Four hundred children become infected with HIV every day; however, In 2015, only 54% of children exposed to HIV in the 21 highest-burden countries were tested for the virus within the recommended two months. This is largely because it requires complex laboratory technology that is often only available at central laboratories.


Keywords: HIV, children, newly infected, antiretroviral therapy, treatment, diagnostic

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Harnessing the Power of Data for Girls: Taking Stock and Looking ahead to 2030. Cappa C, Murray C, et al. (2016)

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This brochure includes the first global estimates on the time girls spend doing household chores such as cooking, cleaning, caring for family members and collecting water and firewood. The data show that the disproportionate burden of domestic work begins early, with girls between 5 and 9 years old spending 30 per cent more time, or 40 million more hours a day, on household chores than boys their age. The disparities grow as girls get older, with 10 to 14 year olds spending 50 per cent more time, or 120 million more hours each day.

 

Keywords: HIV, SDGs, women, girls, gender, discrimination, violence

 

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Integrated Bio-Behavioral Surveillance Survey on Street Involved Children and Youth in Kathmandu Valley - Round I. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2016)

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Intrepid Nepal (INPL) carried out this Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) with financial support from Save the Children International, Nepal. This is the first round of the IBBS Survey conducted among street involved children and youths in three districts in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. This survey is a part of the National HIV Surveillance Plan (2012) and National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016). The first round of the survey was undertaken to determine the prevalence of HIV infections and to assess the sexual and/or injecting behaviors related to HIV among street involved children and youths in the Kathmandu Valley.


Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, needle, condom, testing, drug use

 

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Street-Involved Children and Youths in Three Districts of Kathmandu Valley of Nepal, 2016 (Round I). National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2016)

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Nepal is categorized as a country facing a concentrated HIV epidemic. The National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) has estimated that there were 39,249 PLHIV in Nepal in 2014 with adult HIV prevalence of 0.20% (NCASC, 2014).The spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is concentrated among Key Affected Populations (KAPs) comprising of people who inject drugs (PWIDs), men who have sex with men (MSM), labor migrants and spouses, and Female Sex Workers (FSWs). The transmission of HIV is largely driven by KAPs and consequential health-risk behaviors. The Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey is a descriptive serial cross-sectional survey conducted to monitor trends in HIV and STI prevalence and to assess behavioral information from high-risk groups. Behavioral surveillance is the systematic and ongoing collection of data about risk behaviors related to disease and health conditions, with the purpose of correlating trends in behavior with changes in disease over time.


Keywords: Nepal, IBBS, HIV, STI, children, youth, prevalence

 

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Mapping of Child Marriage Initiatives in South Asia. UNFPA and UNICEF. (2016)

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This report lays out by country significant pieces of work that contribute to ending child marriage in eight countries of South Asia.

It starts with an overview of major regional initiatives, and then it covers government, UN and civil society/NGO initiatives by country. A final matrix identifies key strategies per initiative. A number of policies, key studies, and national plans are included as well for a better understanding of the legal foundation of child marriage and adolescent empowerment work.

 

Keywords: girls, adolescents, violence, rights, children

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On the Fast-Track to an AIDS-Free Generation. UNAIDS. (2016)

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The Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) was launched in June 2011. It prioritizes the 22 countries1 that, in 2009, accounted for 90% of the global number of pregnant women living with HIV who were in need of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This report summarizes the history and development of the Global Plan, its achievements in reaching ambitious goals, lessons learned and directions for future progress to end new HIV infections among children.

 

Keywords: HIV, infections, children, prevention, antiretroviral medicines, pregnant women, breastfeeding

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Get_on_the_Fast-Track_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_July-Oct-AIDSreg2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_AIDS_by_the_numbers_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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