Policy Brief: Self-stigma among Young Men who have Sex with Men and Young Transgender Women and the Linkages with HIV in Asia. UNDP, UNICEF, TS Hub, APCOM, et al. (2013)

YVC Policy_Brief_on_YMSM_and_TG_Self-stigma-1

In the Asia region, an increasing number of HIV infections occur among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. Unless effective HIV prevention strategies are implemented, the Commission on AIDS in Asia’s regional projections predict that about half (46%) of all new HIV infections in Asia will soon be among MSM, an increase of 13% from 2008. While inadequate HIV data exists on transgender women due to their limited inclusion in national HIV surveillance systems, studies that do exist show transgender women are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection.

 

 

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Rapid Assessment of HIV and STI Programme for Female and Mak Nyah Sex Workers in Malaysia. AIDS Projects Management Group. (2013)

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The main finding from this assessment is that the Global Fund program me has contributed towards significant coverage of the population and has provided an opportunity for Malaysian NGOs to design and work towards delivering a comprehensive package of services for the sex worker population in the last one and half years. In all sites visited, there was strong evidence of the impact of the intervention in the SW community, the high commitment of the SRs to the project, and evidence of greater community understanding and acceptance of the importance of HIV prevention in the project sites.

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Regional Assessment of HIV, STI and Other Health Needs of Transgender People in Asia and the Pacific. WHO and Asia Pacific Transgender Network. (2013)

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The objectives of this assessment report are (1) to examine the current state of evidence on transgender health in Asia and the Pacific, (2) to understand the current needs and concerns of transgender communities in Asia and the Pacific and, informed by objectives 1 and 2, (3) to make technical recommendations to WHO and Member States regarding transgender health.

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Regional Report: The Capacity of National Human Rights Institutions to Address Human Rights in Relation to Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and HIV. UNDP and IDLO. (2013)

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The report is based on a series of national dialogues between NHRIs and LGBTI communities to boost cooperation and understanding. Equally important, this initiative supported NHRIs to document their efforts and achievements in advocating for the rights of people of diverse sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI).

The International Law and Development Organization (IDLO) enables governments and empowers people to reform laws and strengthen institutions to promote peace, justice, sustainable development and economic opportunity. IDLO works along the spectrum from nation and peace building to economic recovery in countries emerging from conflict or striving towards democracy. www.idlo.int  

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in 177 countries and territories, UNDP offers global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations. http://asia-pacific.undp.org

The APF is a member-based organisation made up of national human rights institutions in the region. Established in 1996, it currently comprises 19 members from countries throughout the Asia Pacific. It seeks to protect and promote the human rights of the people of the Asia Pacific by providing training and advice and promoting mutual support, cooperation and joint activity among member institutions.  In addition, it provides support to governments in the region seeking to establish and strengthen national human rights institutions. http://www.asiapacificforum.net  

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Stigma, Discrimination and Key Affected Populations: Strengthening the Role of Media Advocacy in Sri Lanka through a Critical Analysis of News Media Coverage. UNDP. (2013)

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Over the course of the HIV epidemic’s 30-year history, notable strides have been made globally to reduce stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) and key affected populations (KAPs) such as female sex workers (FSW), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender (TG) people and people who use drugs (PWUD). These efforts have included the development of supportive legislation and policies, advocacy and community mobilization through networks and collectives, and media campaigns featuring celebrities and societal leaders. In addition, strategic and sustained efforts with the news media have not only facilitated increased and improved coverage, but have also served to advocate for changes in policies and programmes, and of equal importance, to fighting stigma and discrimination relating to key affected populations.

 

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The Time Has Come - Enhancing HIV, STI and Other Sexual Health Services for MSM and Transgender People in Asia and the Pacific. WHO and UNDP. (2013)

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“The Time Has Come” is a training package for health providers to reduce stigma in health care settings, as well as to enhance HIV, STI and other sexual health services for men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in Asia and the Pacific. The package offers a dynamic, interactive training programme designed by expert peer trainers. It aims to impart practical, sustainable knowledge and skills to programme managers, frontline service managers and health policy professionals that can enhance their leadership capacity and improve programming and service delivery. The training package is designed to be particularly relevant for health care workers, as well as selected staff from national and provincial HIV programmes, Global Fund project managers, policy-makers, frontline managers and advocates. It is hoped that the training package will play an important role in responding to the need to address sexual orientation and gender identity in the region’s response to HIV.
 
“The Time Has Come” regional training package was jointly developed by UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Centre (APRC), WHO Southeast Asia Regional Office (SEARO) and WHO Western Pacific Regional Office (WPRO).
 
Additional resources to support implementation of this training package, including templates, PowerPoint presentations, handouts, videos, are available through the dedicated 'The Time Has Come' micro-website.
 

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Why Do Some Men Use Violence Against Women and How Can We Prevent It? UNDP, UNFPA, UN WOMEN and UNV. (2013)

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Quantitative Findings from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific’ was conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea. It explores the prevalence of men’s use of violence against women in the survey sites, and shows what factors make men more or less likely to use violence.

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APCOM Policy Brief: East Asia Legal Environments for Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People. The Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (2012)

Policy Brief_East_Asia

The legal environment in East Asia is generally more protective of human rights of MSM and transgender people than in other sub-regions of the Asia Pacific region, although some punitive laws and law enforcement practices remain and there are few protective laws in place. Male-to-male sex is not criminalized in East Asia. Post-operative transgender people can be legally recognized as their new sex on identity documents and can marry people of their former sex in China, Japan and South Korea.

 

 

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APCOM Policy Brief: Pacific Legal Environments for Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People. The Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (2012)

Policy Brief_Pacific

This Policy Brief is adapted from the UNDP and APCOM report, titled ‘Legal environments, human rights and HIV responses among men who have sex with men and transgender people in Asia and the Pacific: An agenda for action’,1 covering 48 countries and territories of the Asia and Pacific region. The study considered legislation, cases, published research, policy reports and press reports, and drew from consultations with community representatives, legal experts and UN agencies. The following summarizes findings and recommendations relating to countries of the Pacific sub-region with inputs from APCOM coalition member, PSDN (Pacific Sexual Diversity Network).

 

 

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APCOM Policy Brief: South Asia Legal Environments for Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People. The Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (2012)

Policy Brief_South_Asia

This Policy Brief is adapted from the UNDP and APCOM report, titled ‘Legal environments, human rights and HIV responses among men who have sex with men and transgender people in Asia and the Pacific: An agenda for action’, covering 48 countries and territories of the Asia and Pacific region. The study considered legislation, cases, published research, policy reports and press reports, and drew from consultations with community representatives, legal experts and UN agencies. The following summarizes findings and recommendations relating to South Asia with inputs from two of APCOM coalition members: INFOSEM (India Network for Sexual Minorities) and SAMAN (South Asia MSM and AIDS Network).

 

 

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