National Advocacy Framework on HIV, Human Rights and Sexual Diversity. UNDP. (2012)


FPA Sri Lanka in partnership with UNDP and UNAIDS conducted the first Colombo based, two day capacity building workshop to develop an advocacy framework for MSM/TG and CSW at the FPASL Auditorium. The targeted audience was members from CSO’s/CBO’s/ NGO’s, networks who are currently engaged in HIV/AIDS programs and/or are working with marginalized groups such as PLHIVs, Drug Users, MSM/TGs and CSWs.

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Report on Situation and Response Analysis of HIV Spousal Transmission in Selected Provinces. Division of Policy Research and Information, NCAIDS, China CDC. (2012)

Report on_situation_and_response_analysis_of_HIV_Spousal_Transmission

According to HIV epidemic estimation published by Ministry of Health, in 2009, the estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in China was 740,000, and 15% of them were infected by their spouses. Preventing HIV transmission within couples can significantly reduce the number of new infections every year. To better understand the issue of spousal transmission of HIV and its influencing factors, a survey was conducted in six cities/counties in Yunnan, Henan, Sichuan, Guangxi and Chongqing in 2011. The survey aims to provide evidence to inform strategies to prevent spousal transmission of HIV. Given the sample size and survey operability, the survey was carried out in rural areas except in Chongqing.



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Stop Imprisonment, Time for Rehabilitation. Open Society Institute (2012)

time for_rehab_HR_2012-1

In Indonesia, the issue of mistreatment at the hands of government officials is one of the most common and serious human rights violations. Physical assault and torture, sexual assault and harassment, verbal abuse, and other forms of mistreatment occur in a variety of settings. Abuse happens during searches, demonstrations, meetings, and arrests. 

A new report produced in Indonesia by the Monitoring Network of Human Rights Violations against People who Use Drugs looks specifically at police mistreatment of drug users. The stigmatization of drug users often means that government officials can act with impunity when it comes to violence, coercion, and use of abusive force. The “war on drugs” has made drug users an easy target for extortion by law enforcement authorities.



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Survey Report on Current Hard Drug Users in Nepal - 2069. Ministry of Home Affairs Drug Control Programme Bijulibazar, Kathmandu. (2013)


The primary objective of the survey was to estimate the total number of hard drug users in Nepal and hence to identify pattern and extent of drug use across the country, such as: age, sex, education, age at first drug intake, frequency/duration of drug use, mode of drug use, expenses made on drug and the perception of drug users towards the Government etc.

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The 2012 Integrated Behavior and Biological Surveillance (IBBS) of HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections and Associated Risk Behaviors. Pansuwan N, Wisawakam P, Saengwanloy O, Jittakot Y and Pawa D. (2014)


HIV surveillance applies a repeated survey method and the 28th round was conducted in 2010. Collected data were used to compare with those from the previous rounds to monitor changes of HIV prevalence. Data were collected from IDU rehabilitation clinics of general hospitals, provincial hospitals, and drug rehabilitation centers by collecting all visited IDU cases in June. If the sample size is less than 10, data collection will be extended until the 15th of July. Data from the provinces of more than 20 samples will be used to calculate the median of HIV infection at the national level.

Keywords: HIV, Thailand, key populations, IDU, prevalence, knowledge

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The Global State of Harm Reduction 2012 - Towards an Integrated Response. Public Health, Research and Policy Programme of Harm Reduction International (2012)

GlobalState HarmReduction_2012-1

The  Global State of Harm Reduction 2012 presents the major developments in harm reduction policy adoption and programme implementation that have occurred since 2010. It also explores several major topics for developing an integrated harm reduction response, such as effective harm reduction services for women who inject drugs; access to harm reduction services by young people; drug use among men who have sex with men and implications for harm reduction; global progress toward building an enabling policy environment for harm reduction implementation through drug decriminalisation and regulation; case studies on sustainability and scale-up of services; and promotion of harm reduction approaches in challenging environments.

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Vietnam Report 2010 - Behavioral Survey of Injecting Drug Users in Vietnam. Khanh VN, Tung PD, Mundy G, et al (2012).

PSI IDU Behavior Survey 2010-1

Data was collected via individual face-to-face interviews, using a structured questionnaire. The survey was conducted with a sample of male injecting drug users (IDUs), using a respondent driven sampling method.

A total of 1,094 injecting drug users were interviewed for the behavior survey. An injecting drug user (for this study) was defined as any male who had injected in the past 1 month and who are aged between 18-40 years.



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Characteristics of High Risk HIV-Positive IDUs in Vietnam: Implications for Future Interventions. Go VF, Frangakis C, Nam LV, et al (2011)


The first case of HIV was diagnosed in Vietnam in 1990 (Ivker, 1996). HIV cases have now been recorded in all 64 provinces and the number of people living with HIV has doubled since 2000, reaching an estimated 263,000 by 2005 (Ministry of Health Viet Nam, 2005; UNAIDS, 2005).

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Evaluation of the Epidemiological Impact of Harm Reduction Programs on HIV in Vietnam. Wilson D, Zhang L, Thein R, et al. (2011)

Vietnam Impact Evaluation Report 2011-1

Vietnam's HIV epidemic is concentrated, both in specific behavioral sub-populations and geographic regions. The key  populations at higher risk for HIV infection in Vietnam are female sex workers (FSW) and their clients; injecting drug users (IDU); and men who have sex with men (MSM). Vietnam identified harm reduction interventions for IDU and FSW as a key component of its last 5-year National HIV strategy 2004-2009.

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Fact Sheet: IBBS 2011 Round V Injecting Drug Users, Kathmandu and Pokhara Valleys. National Center for AIDS and STD Control, New ERA and Intrepid Nepal (2011)

ibbs nepal 2011

The fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) surveys among male injecting drug users (IDUs) covered a sample of 685 respondents in Kathmandu valley-Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts (n=340) and Pokhara valley (n=345), henceforth referred to as Kathmandu and Pokhara.

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