Harm Reduction Model of Comprehensive Drop in Center for People who Use Drugs. Sovannary T and Sopheab H. (2012)

Comprehensive drop_in_center_for_PWID_2012-1

An operational research was conducted to assess the innovative model of the Center, identify barriers, challenges and lessons learned during program implementation. This report details on the findings of the research. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed in the operational research. The quantitative data was collected from KMDC’s monitoring and evaluation (M & E) database and reports. The qualitative data was collected from interviews and focused group discussions (FGD) with more than 30 respondents, ranging from key informants to PWUD/PWID, in an effort to obtain a comprehensive picture of the KMDC. Desk reviews and consultative meetings were also used to complement this study. 

 

 

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among People Who Inject Drugs in Eastern Terai Highway Districts of Nepal 2012. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2012)

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National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC), Nepal, has developed a comprehensive national surveillance plan for HIV and STI surveillance through a regular Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveys (IBBS) among Key populations at higher risk. These surveillance studies help in assessing health risk behaviors, measuring prevalence of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among high risk populations and monitoring trends in the epidemics; ultimately assisting in plans to respond against HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nepal.

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National Advocacy Framework on HIV, Human Rights and Sexual Diversity. UNDP. (2012)

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FPA Sri Lanka in partnership with UNDP and UNAIDS conducted the first Colombo based, two day capacity building workshop to develop an advocacy framework for MSM/TG and CSW at the FPASL Auditorium. The targeted audience was members from CSO’s/CBO’s/ NGO’s, networks who are currently engaged in HIV/AIDS programs and/or are working with marginalized groups such as PLHIVs, Drug Users, MSM/TGs and CSWs.

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Report on Situation and Response Analysis of HIV Spousal Transmission in Selected Provinces. Division of Policy Research and Information, NCAIDS, China CDC. (2012)

Report on_situation_and_response_analysis_of_HIV_Spousal_Transmission

According to HIV epidemic estimation published by Ministry of Health, in 2009, the estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in China was 740,000, and 15% of them were infected by their spouses. Preventing HIV transmission within couples can significantly reduce the number of new infections every year. To better understand the issue of spousal transmission of HIV and its influencing factors, a survey was conducted in six cities/counties in Yunnan, Henan, Sichuan, Guangxi and Chongqing in 2011. The survey aims to provide evidence to inform strategies to prevent spousal transmission of HIV. Given the sample size and survey operability, the survey was carried out in rural areas except in Chongqing.

 

 

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Stop Imprisonment, Time for Rehabilitation. Open Society Institute (2012)

time for_rehab_HR_2012-1

In Indonesia, the issue of mistreatment at the hands of government officials is one of the most common and serious human rights violations. Physical assault and torture, sexual assault and harassment, verbal abuse, and other forms of mistreatment occur in a variety of settings. Abuse happens during searches, demonstrations, meetings, and arrests. 

A new report produced in Indonesia by the Monitoring Network of Human Rights Violations against People who Use Drugs looks specifically at police mistreatment of drug users. The stigmatization of drug users often means that government officials can act with impunity when it comes to violence, coercion, and use of abusive force. The “war on drugs” has made drug users an easy target for extortion by law enforcement authorities.

 

 

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Survey Report on Current Hard Drug Users in Nepal - 2069. Ministry of Home Affairs Drug Control Programme Bijulibazar, Kathmandu. (2013)

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The primary objective of the survey was to estimate the total number of hard drug users in Nepal and hence to identify pattern and extent of drug use across the country, such as: age, sex, education, age at first drug intake, frequency/duration of drug use, mode of drug use, expenses made on drug and the perception of drug users towards the Government etc.

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The 2012 Integrated Behavior and Biological Surveillance (IBBS) of HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections and Associated Risk Behaviors. Pansuwan N, Wisawakam P, Saengwanloy O, Jittakot Y and Pawa D. (2014)

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HIV surveillance applies a repeated survey method and the 28th round was conducted in 2010. Collected data were used to compare with those from the previous rounds to monitor changes of HIV prevalence. Data were collected from IDU rehabilitation clinics of general hospitals, provincial hospitals, and drug rehabilitation centers by collecting all visited IDU cases in June. If the sample size is less than 10, data collection will be extended until the 15th of July. Data from the provinces of more than 20 samples will be used to calculate the median of HIV infection at the national level.


Keywords: HIV, Thailand, key populations, IDU, prevalence, knowledge

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The Global State of Harm Reduction 2012 - Towards an Integrated Response. Public Health, Research and Policy Programme of Harm Reduction International (2012)

GlobalState HarmReduction_2012-1

The  Global State of Harm Reduction 2012 presents the major developments in harm reduction policy adoption and programme implementation that have occurred since 2010. It also explores several major topics for developing an integrated harm reduction response, such as effective harm reduction services for women who inject drugs; access to harm reduction services by young people; drug use among men who have sex with men and implications for harm reduction; global progress toward building an enabling policy environment for harm reduction implementation through drug decriminalisation and regulation; case studies on sustainability and scale-up of services; and promotion of harm reduction approaches in challenging environments.


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Vietnam Report 2010 - Behavioral Survey of Injecting Drug Users in Vietnam. Khanh VN, Tung PD, Mundy G, et al (2012).

PSI IDU Behavior Survey 2010-1

Data was collected via individual face-to-face interviews, using a structured questionnaire. The survey was conducted with a sample of male injecting drug users (IDUs), using a respondent driven sampling method.

A total of 1,094 injecting drug users were interviewed for the behavior survey. An injecting drug user (for this study) was defined as any male who had injected in the past 1 month and who are aged between 18-40 years.

 

 

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2011 Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance (IHBSS). Department of Health, National Epidemiology Center Philippines. (2013)

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In 2011, the fourth round of the Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance (IHBSS) was led by the Department of Health. The IHBSS would provide crucial strategic information that would influence and provide direction for policies, programs, and services to help address the escalating epidemic of HIV in the Philippines and its consequent burden. The most-at-risk populations (MARPS) were included in the surveillance and in this report - Males who have sex with Males (MSM), Female Sex Workers (FSW), and Injecting Drug Users (IDU).

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