Stigma, Discrimination and Key Affected Populations: Strengthening the Role of Media Advocacy in Sri Lanka through a Critical Analysis of News Media Coverage. UNDP. (2013)

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Over the course of the HIV epidemic’s 30-year history, notable strides have been made globally to reduce stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) and key affected populations (KAPs) such as female sex workers (FSW), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender (TG) people and people who use drugs (PWUD). These efforts have included the development of supportive legislation and policies, advocacy and community mobilization through networks and collectives, and media campaigns featuring celebrities and societal leaders. In addition, strategic and sustained efforts with the news media have not only facilitated increased and improved coverage, but have also served to advocate for changes in policies and programmes, and of equal importance, to fighting stigma and discrimination relating to key affected populations.

 

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Survey Report on Current Hard Drug Users in Nepal - 2069. Ministry of Home Affairs Drug Control Programme Bijulibazar, Kathmandu. (2013)

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The primary objective of the survey was to estimate the total number of hard drug users in Nepal and hence to identify pattern and extent of drug use across the country, such as: age, sex, education, age at first drug intake, frequency/duration of drug use, mode of drug use, expenses made on drug and the perception of drug users towards the Government etc.

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When Sex Work and Drug Use Overlap: Considerations for Advocacy and Practice. Ditmore MH. (2013)

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The report examines the multiple and varied contexts within which drug use (including use of alcohol and non-psychoactive substances, including some hormones and image- and performance-enhancing drugs) and sex work overlap. It provides a snapshot of available evidence on the factors that contribute to vulnerability among people who sell sex and use drugs. Drawing on experience from the harm reduction and sex work communities, the report explores implications for practice, highlighting existing programmes that reach people who sell sex and use drugs around the world, and offering practical suggestions on how programmes can better serve this overlapping population. While this broad and complex area cannot be explored in depth within a document of this length, the report aims to draw attention to this often neglected area, and inform policy and programmatic discussions.

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“They Treat Us Like Animals” Mistreatment of Drug Users and “Undesirables” in Cambodia’s Drug Detention Centers. Human Rights Watch. (2013)

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There are currently eight drug detention centers spread throughout Cambodia that, at any point in time, collectively hold around 1,000 men, women, and children. Most are confined for three to six months— although some detentions last up to 18 months. According to government statistics, some 2,200 people were confined in these centers during 2012. The majority of detainees are young men between 18 and 25 years old, although at least 10% of the total population is children.

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Female Injecting Drug Users and Female Sex Partners of Men Who Inject Drugs - Assessing Care Needs And Developing Responsive Services. UNODC and National AIDS Control Organisation (2012)

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Drug use can adversely impact women in two major ways. They may be affected as drug users or as sex partners of men who use drugs. Injecting drug use increases vulnerability to HIV and other infections among women (as in men), both from unsafe injecting and risky sexual practices. This population desperately needs services. 

 

 

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Harm Reduction Model of Comprehensive Drop in Center for People who Use Drugs. Sovannary T and Sopheab H. (2012)

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An operational research was conducted to assess the innovative model of the Center, identify barriers, challenges and lessons learned during program implementation. This report details on the findings of the research. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed in the operational research. The quantitative data was collected from KMDC’s monitoring and evaluation (M & E) database and reports. The qualitative data was collected from interviews and focused group discussions (FGD) with more than 30 respondents, ranging from key informants to PWUD/PWID, in an effort to obtain a comprehensive picture of the KMDC. Desk reviews and consultative meetings were also used to complement this study. 

 

 

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among People Who Inject Drugs in Eastern Terai Highway Districts of Nepal 2012. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2012)

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National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC), Nepal, has developed a comprehensive national surveillance plan for HIV and STI surveillance through a regular Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveys (IBBS) among Key populations at higher risk. These surveillance studies help in assessing health risk behaviors, measuring prevalence of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among high risk populations and monitoring trends in the epidemics; ultimately assisting in plans to respond against HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nepal.

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National Advocacy Framework on HIV, Human Rights and Sexual Diversity. UNDP. (2012)

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FPA Sri Lanka in partnership with UNDP and UNAIDS conducted the first Colombo based, two day capacity building workshop to develop an advocacy framework for MSM/TG and CSW at the FPASL Auditorium. The targeted audience was members from CSO’s/CBO’s/ NGO’s, networks who are currently engaged in HIV/AIDS programs and/or are working with marginalized groups such as PLHIVs, Drug Users, MSM/TGs and CSWs.

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Report on Situation and Response Analysis of HIV Spousal Transmission in Selected Provinces. Division of Policy Research and Information, NCAIDS, China CDC. (2012)

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According to HIV epidemic estimation published by Ministry of Health, in 2009, the estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in China was 740,000, and 15% of them were infected by their spouses. Preventing HIV transmission within couples can significantly reduce the number of new infections every year. To better understand the issue of spousal transmission of HIV and its influencing factors, a survey was conducted in six cities/counties in Yunnan, Henan, Sichuan, Guangxi and Chongqing in 2011. The survey aims to provide evidence to inform strategies to prevent spousal transmission of HIV. Given the sample size and survey operability, the survey was carried out in rural areas except in Chongqing.

 

 

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Stop Imprisonment, Time for Rehabilitation. Open Society Institute (2012)

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In Indonesia, the issue of mistreatment at the hands of government officials is one of the most common and serious human rights violations. Physical assault and torture, sexual assault and harassment, verbal abuse, and other forms of mistreatment occur in a variety of settings. Abuse happens during searches, demonstrations, meetings, and arrests. 

A new report produced in Indonesia by the Monitoring Network of Human Rights Violations against People who Use Drugs looks specifically at police mistreatment of drug users. The stigmatization of drug users often means that government officials can act with impunity when it comes to violence, coercion, and use of abusive force. The “war on drugs” has made drug users an easy target for extortion by law enforcement authorities.

 

 

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