World Drug Report 2014. UNODC. (2014)

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The World Drug Report provides an annual overview of the major developments in drug markets for the various drug categories, ranging from production to trafficking, including development of new routes and modalities, as well as consumption. Chapter 1 of the World Drug Report 2014 provides a global overview of the latest developments with respect to opiates, cocaine, cannabis and amphetamines (including “ecstasy”) and the health impact of drug use. Chapter 2 zeroes in on the control of precursor chemicals used in the manufacture of illicit drugs.

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2011 Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance (IHBSS). Department of Health, National Epidemiology Center Philippines. (2013)

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In 2011, the fourth round of the Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance (IHBSS) was led by the Department of Health. The IHBSS would provide crucial strategic information that would influence and provide direction for policies, programs, and services to help address the escalating epidemic of HIV in the Philippines and its consequent burden. The most-at-risk populations (MARPS) were included in the surveillance and in this report - Males who have sex with Males (MSM), Female Sex Workers (FSW), and Injecting Drug Users (IDU).

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2013 Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance Males who have Sex with Males (MSM) and Male Injecting Drug Users (IDU). Department of Health, National Epidemiology Center Philippines. (2013)

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The objective of the IHBSS is to determine the: (a) prevalence of HIV and syphilis among the key affected populations and establish trend over time, (b) behavioral factors that are associated with STI and HIV transmission and their effect on the HIV epidemic in the country, (c) outcome of STI and HIV intervention programs and (d) to provide strategic information to guide STI and HIV policies, programs and services.

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A Rapid Assessment and Response to Injecting and Drug Use in Dili and Bobonaro Districts, Timor- Leste. Mukamba B. (2013)

immage This study was based on the Rapid Assessment and Response methodology outlined in the WHO Rapid Assessment and Response Guide on Psychoactive Substance Use and Sexual Risk Behaviour and the WHO Rapid Assessment and Response Technical Guide on Injecting and Drug Use. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used. 17 Key informant interviews, 15 focus group discussions, and 44 individual structured interviews among drug users were conducted.
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Baseline Report for Community Action on Harm Reduction (CAHR) Project. Varetska O, Kushakov V and Braga M. (2013)

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The baseline study for CAHR project was implemented in a selection of sites across the five countries (China, Kenya, India, Indonesia and Malaysia) in order to obtain baseline data on a number of indicators that relate to drug injecting practices, risky injecting and sexual behaviour, interactions with the legal system, knowledge about HIV and safe injecting, access to and satisfaction with services, and quality of life of people who inject drugs (PWID). The study also attempted to determine certain associations between access to HIV-prevention services and risky injecting practices, as well as to identify contextual factors that might influence behaviours that put people at risk of HIV infection and quality of life of PWID.

 

Keywords: HIV testing, sexual behaviour, civil society, knowledge

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Drug Policy Advocacy in Asia: Challenges, Opportunities and Prospects. International Drug Policy Consortium. (2013)

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This report was commissioned by the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC), with the support of Australian Aid, for the purpose of developing a better understanding of drug policy advocacy activity in 10 Asian countries: Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. It aims to achieve three goals:

  • Identify organisations engaged in harm reduction and drug policy advocacy
  • Identify gaps and challenges in harm reduction and drug policy advocacy that remain to be addressed
  • Develop recommendations for prioritising new activities in harm reduction and drug policy advocacy.
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Drug Use in Pakistan 2013 - Technical Summary Report. UNODC and Ministry of Narcotics Control, Pakistan (2013)

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The technical summary of the Drug Use in Pakistan 2013 Report launched during the Commission on Narcotic Drugs reveals how a substantial proportion of Pakistan's population aged 15 to 64 suffer from the devastating consequences of substance abuse. The Report estimates that 5.8 per cent - or 6.4 million adults in Pakistan - used drugs in the last 12 months. Although 4.1 million individuals are thought to be drug dependent, treatment and specialist interventions are in short supply, available to less than 30,000 drug users a year. Moreover, not all structured treatment is free of charge. In a country where almost a quarter of the population is estimated to be living on less than US$ 1.25 a day, the barriers preventing access to structured treatment are exceptionally high.

 

 

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Factsheet: HARIS - HIV and AIDS Response Indicator Survey 2013 for Injecting Drug User. Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health. (2014)

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In Hong Kong, the number of HIV cases transmitted through injecting drug use (IDU) has remained low up till now and contributed to 5% of all reported cases cumulatively. However, the potential risk of cluster outbreak and rapid upsurge of infection among the IDU population is always a concern. To monitor HIV-related risk behaviours and access to HIV testing services among IDU, this population was included as one of the four at-risk populations in the HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey (HARiS) implemented since 2013. The first HARiS was conducted in 2013, via commissioning to the Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Disease, School of Public Health and Primary Care of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

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Injecting Drug Use Among Under-18s: A Snapshot of Available Data. Barrett D, Hunt N and Stoicescu C. (2013)

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This report provides a snapshot of available data on injecting drug use among children and young people under the age of 18. It has three main aims:

  • To increase attention to an often-overlooked aspect of responses to HIV and other health harms associated with unsafe injecting.
  • To begin to understand the extent of the problem internationally, and how prevalence and patterns vary between regions and countries.
  • To identify gaps and limitations in data collection in order to begin filling them.
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Judicial Dialogue on HIV, Human Rights and the Law in Asia and the Pacific 2-4 June 2013. UNDP, UNAIDS and International Commission of Jurists. (2013)

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The Judicial Dialogue provided a critical opportunity for experience sharing between members of the judiciary and representatives of judicial training institutions from 16 countries across Asia and the Pacific, on the complex legal and human rights issues raised by the HIV epidemic. The Judicial Dialogue also benefited from the perspectives of people living with HIV, representatives of communities of men who have sex with men, transgender people, sex workers and people who use drugs.

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