Double Trouble: Injection Drug Use and Sexual Behaviour. Bhattacharya A, et al. (2015)

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Findings from a cross-sectional qualitative study of HIV vulnerabilities among People Who Inject Drugs and their sex partners in Bihar and Manipur, India.
The study is one of the first qualitative comparative studies to seek an in-depth understanding of the vulnerabilities to HIV acquisition among PWID in the states of Manipur and Bihar. The study also aims to describe the factors that influence vulnerability to sexual transmission of HIV between PWID and their sexual partners. Additionally, the study focuses on logistical issues associated with the delivery of various harm reduction services to PWID and their sexual partners, as the quality of services offered to these groups has not been adequately documented in the past.


Keywords: HIV, PWID, needle/syringe, harm reduction, stigma, discrimination

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Factsheet: Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among People Who Inject Drugs (PWIDs) in the Kathmandu Valley Round VI – 2015. National Center for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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Under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) according to the National HIV Surveillance Plan for generating the strategic information needed for guiding and monitoring the national response to HIV and AIDS, since 2002 Nepal has been successfully carrying out IBBS surveys among People Who Inject Drugs (PWIDs).
The latest round (round VI, 2015) of the IBBS survey was conducted among PWIDs within the Kathmandu Valley with coverage of 340 sample size, funded by TI Pooled Fund, under the leadership of NCASC and in close collaboration with key stakeholders. The survey was carried out primarily to track the trends in the prevalence of HIV and syphilis infection among male PWIDs and to assess their sexual and injecting behaviors. The surveys also explored the respondents’ knowledge of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI), the presence of STI symptoms, sexual and injecting behaviors, and exposure to HIV programs. For the first time in IBBS history this round has introduced Hepatitis C (HCV) and Hepatitis B (HBV) test and its prevalence among PWIDs.


Keywords: Nepal, Kathmandu Valley, HIV, IBBS, PWID, needle/syringe, condom

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Factsheet: Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among People Who Inject Drugs in the Eastern Terai of Nepal Round VI –2015. National Center for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the sixth round of the IBBS survey conducted among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Eastern Terai. In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS, this survey was also undertaken primarily to determine trends of HIV and STIs, HIV and STI related risk behaviours, drug injecting behaviours, the level of awareness about HIV/STIs and exposure to HIV intervention programs among PWID in Eastern Terai. Moreover, this survey examined the prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among PWID for the first time. Fieldwork for data collection was conducted in July, 2015.

 

Keywords: Nepal, Eastern Terai, HIV, IBBS, PWID, condom, prevalence, syphilis

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HIV and Young People who Inject Drugs: A Technical Brief. WHO. (2015)

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Although global coverage of harm reduction services has slowly increased, there is a lack of services focused on and accessible to young people, despite low ages of initiation into injecting drug use in many countries and important differences in vulnerability and risk between younger and older people who inject drugs.

 

Keywords: HIV, young women, violence, harassment, stigma and discrimination, law and policy

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Eastern Terai Highway District, Round 6. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the sixth round of the IBBS study conducted among PWIDs in Eastern Terai Highway Districts. This survey is a part of the National HIV Surveillance Plan (2012) and National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016). In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS, the sixth round of the survey was also undertaken primarily to determine the prevalence of HIV and STIs, assess HIV and STI related risk behaviours, drug injecting behaviours, the level of awareness about HIV/STIs, as well as their exposure to intervention programs among PWIDs in Eastern Terai Highway Districts. Moreover, this survey examined the prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among PWIDs for the first time.

 

Keywords: Nepal, Eastern Terai Highway, HIV, STI, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, needles/syringe, treatment, condom use, testing, stigma and discrimination 

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Kathmandu Valley, Round 6. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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The sixth round of the IBBS survey in Kathmandu valley among 340 males among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) was conducted by NCASC with financial support from the TI Pooled Fund. The survey has primarily collected strategic information needed to analyze trends in risk behavior associated with HIV and STI. For the first time in the history of IBBS, the survey has introduced HCV and HBV testing to determine prevalence among PWIDs.


Keywords: Nepal, Kathmandu valley, HIV, HCV, HBV, syphilis, STI, prevalence, needles/syringe, condom use, testing, OST

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Pokhara Valley, Round 6. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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The sixth round of IBBS surveys carried out in the Pokhara Valley was conducted among 345 males among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) with financial support from the Global Fund. This survey focuses primarily on collected strategic information needed to analyze trends in risk behaviors associated with HIV/STI infection among the male subpopulation of PWIDs. This survey has introduced HCV and HBV testing to determine their prevalence among PWIDs for the first time in IBBS study.

 

Keywords: Nepal, Pokhara Valley, HIV, HCV, HBV, STI, prevalence, condom use, needles/syringe, condom use, testing, treatment

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Rights in Action: Creating a More Comprehensive HIV Response for People Who Inject Drugs. USAID, PEPFAR, LINKAGES and INPUD. (2015)

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Pervasive stigma, social isolation and harsh criminal penalties for drug use exacerbate the risk of HIV acquisition and impede access to HIV prevention, care and treatment services among people who inject drugs. This brief seeks to help policymakers and program implementers understand and address the HIV needs and human rights of people who inject drugs.


Keywords: HIV, drugs, treatment, services, human rights

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Step by Step: Preparing for Work with Children and Young People who Inject Drugs. International HIV/AIDS Alliance. (2015)

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This resource is intended for harm reduction service providers with limited experience of working with children and young people who inject drugs. It sets out a process that you can go through quickly, with little cost, to prepare for work with children and young people who are under 18. It is designed to help your organisation and staff to feel safe in commencing this work, and to support you in thinking through the challenging situations and decisions that you face. In some cases, it may lead you to decide that you are not yet ready to go ahead with this work.


Keywords: HIV, legal environment, young people, children

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The Challenge of Synthetic Drugs in East and South-East Asia and Oceania - Trends and Patterns of Amphetamine-type Stimulants and New Psychoactive Substances. UNODC. (2015)

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This report analyses recent trends and developments of the synthetic drugs market in East and South-East Asia and Oceania, comprising both amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) and new psychoactive substances (NPS). NPS are substances of abuse that are not controlled by the International Drug Conventions but which may pose a public health threat. In this context, the term ‘new’ does not necessarily refer to new inventions but to substances that have recently become available. East and South-East Asia and Oceania has the largest ATS market in the world and in recent years the scope and availability of NPS has rapidly expanded. Moreover, this synthetic drugs market is becoming more complex and interconnected with other regions. These developments warrant an in-depth study to understand the current threat and impact of ATS and NPS in East and South-East Asia and Oceania within a global context.

 


Keywords: Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), new psychoactive substances (NPS), drugs, ecstasy

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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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