Summary MSM and HIV in Bangladesh, Shivananda Khan OBE Naz Foundation International (2005)

2005 Summary MSM and HIV in Bangladesh

The category “men who have sex with men” (or males who have sex with males - MSM) was developed in response to a recognition that not all male-to-male sexual behaviours falls within a framework of sexual orientation or identity. Within this behavioural category there are multiple frameworks of male-to-male sex, including those who self-identify as homosexuals/gay men, males who self-identify within a gendered framework, such as kothis and hijras, as well as normative males from the general male population who sexually access such gendered males, along with others, usually as the penetrating partner. Male-to-male behaviours also exist in a range of all-male institutions and occupational groups including prisons, juvenile homes, and the armed forces, along with truck drivers, and in other service industries. In this context, the sexual practice is primarily based on a lack of access to females, “body heat”, and immediate discharge. Further to this, there is also a concept of masti, or play, in which same sex behaviours are not seen as “real sex” but play. Significant levels of adolescent males and young men engage in this behaviours.


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HIV Related Behaviors and Attitudes among Chinese MSM in Hong Kong: A Population Based Study. Lau JTF, Kim JH, Lau M and Tsui H-Y (2004)

Of Transgender and Sin in Asia. Winter  S (2006) This study was conducted in order to determine the prevalence of men having sex with men (MSM) and their HIV related behaviours and attitudes among Chinese men in Hong Kong. Methods: A large scale, random, population based, anonymous telephone survey of 14 963 men between the ages of 18–60 was conducted. The overall response rate was approximately 57%.

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HIV, STIs and Risk Behaviour in East Timor: An Historic Opportunity for Effective Action. Pisani E and Dili Survey Team (2004)

cover-coming-soon In the early 2000s, the government of the newly–independent nation of East Timor (Timor Leste or Timor Lorosae) expressed concern about the possibility of an epidemic of HIV developing in the country. High levels of poverty and social disruption that resulted from the conflict surrounding independence, combined with the presence of several thousand peacekeepers and other international personnel, many of them from countries with high HIV prevalence, led the country to develop a national AIDS strategy.

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Case Study 7: Men having sex with Men. The Humsafar Trust India (2003)

Case Study 7: Men having sex with Men. The Humsafar Trust India (2003) Very few men in India are open about their sexual orientation. There are some young men in India, especially in large cities like Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta, who engage in sex with other men before marriage . Many continue to have sex with men after marriage. There are also men who have sex only with men and regard themselves as gay or homosexual. Equally well established a substantial transgender (hijira) communityi . In the city of Mumbai alone, according to estimates by the Humsafar Trust, there may be as many as 350,000 men who have sex with men (MSM).

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National Baseline High Risk and Bridge Population Behavioural Surveillance Survey 2002: Part II- Men who have Sex with Men and Injecting Drug Users. National AIDS Control Organisation India (2002)

National Baseline High Risk and Bridge Population Behavioural Surveillance Survey 2002: Part II- Men who have Sex with Men and Injecting Drug Users. National AIDS Control Organisation India (2002) REPORT
PART II (MEN WHO HAVE SEX WITH MEN AND INJECTING DRUG USERS)
NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL ORGANISATION Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, Chandralok Building, 36 Janpath, New Delhi – 110001

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Rapid Ethnography of Male to Male Sexuality and Sexual Health. FHI (2001)

Rapid Ethnography of Male to Male Sexuality and Sexual Health. FHI (2001) This report presents findings of rapid ethnographic research on male-to-male sexuality and sexual health in Kathmandu, Nepal. This was the first research project of its kind in Nepal. The research was conducted from 18th November to the 17th December 2001 and was supported by Family Health International (FHI) HRN-A-00- 97-00017-00. The field research was carried out by The Blue Diamond Society, a nascent community support group for men who have sex with men in Kathmandu. Logistic research support was provided by CREHPA, a health and population research agency in Kathmandu.

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AIDS and Men Who Have Sex with Men - UNAIDS Technical Update. UNAIDS (2000)

AIDS and Men Who Have Sex with Men - UNAIDS Technical Update. UNAIDS (2000) Sex between men occurs in most societies. For cultural reasons, it is often stigmatized by society. The public visibility of male-to-male sex, therefore, varies considerably from one country to another. Sex between men frequently involves anal intercourse, which carries a very high risk of HIV transmission for the receptive partner, and a significant risk, though a lesser one, for the insertive partner. HIV prevention programmes addressing men who have sex with men (MSM) are therefore vitally important. However, they are often seriously neglected – because of the relative invisibility of MSM, stigmatization of male-to-male sex, or ignorance or lack of information.

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Sexual Behavior, STIs and HIV among Men who have Sex with Men in Phnom Penh, Cambodia 2000. USAID and FHI (2000)

Sexual Behavior, STIs and HIV among Men who have Sex with Men in Phnom Penh, Cambodia 2000. USAID and FHI (2000) Cambodia has the highest national HIV prevalence in Asia. In 1999, the Cambodian national surveillance system suggested that 3.8%1 of the population was infected with HIV. In Cambodia HIV is largely transmitted sexually, and most interventions and resources have been focused on reducing heterosexual transmission. The epidemic is fuelled by a large sex industry, poorly developed health and education infrastructures, and the increasing mobility of the population as the country resumes normal economic activity after decades of war.

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World Famous Recipes for Populations at HIV-risk in Developing Countries. Soeparna S.

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Infographic on World Famous Recipes for Populations at HIV-risk in Developing Countries by Safir Soeparna, WE CAN BEAT HIV

 

Keywords: HIV, FSW, migrant, gay men, children, women

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Get_on_the_Fast-Track_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_July-Oct-AIDSreg2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Response_Progress_Reporting_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_AIDS_by_the_numbers_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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