An Analysis of Social, Behavioural and Biomedical Risk Factors of Adolescents and Youth Clients of Female Sex Workers: Implications for STI/HIV/AIDS Interventions in Bangladesh. Rahman M, Haseen F, Gazi R, et al (2007)

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To generate knowledge on sexual risk behaviour and practices, condom use, STI symptoms and STI disease burden among youth clients of female sex workers in Dhaka.


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Consensus Workshop on HIV Estimation for Cambodia. National Center for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD (2007)

Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV and AIDS Pakistan 2008 Update. WHO, UNICEF and UNICEF (2008) To estimate HIV prevalence among persons in the general population aged 15 to 49 years in 2006, based on currently available data.

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CRiSP-Community Based Risk Behavioural and Seroprevalence Survey for Female Sex Workers in Hong Kong 2006. Centre for Health Protection (2007)

CRiSP-Community Based Risk Behavioural and Seroprevalence Survey for Female Sex Workers in Hong Kong 2006. Centre for Health Protection (2007) CRiSP was an initiative of Department of Health and five frontline non-governmental organisations (NGO) working with female sex workers, including Hong Kong AIDS Foundation, AIDS Concern, Community Health Organisation for Intervention, Care and Empowerment, Mercury Health Education Centre, The Society of Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention and Action for REACHOUT. The survey aimed to improve the understanding the situation of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in female sex workers. The result would help a better prevention programme planning in Hong Kong.

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Impact of a Community Sexually Transmitted Infection/HIV Intervention Project on Female Sex Workers in Five Border Provinces of Vietnam. Thuong NV, Nghia KV, Hau TP, et al (2007)

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To determine changes in the prevalence of sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV in female sex workers (FSWs) after a community HIV prevention intervention project in five border provinces of Vietnam. Methods: The project focused on providing user-friendly STI services for FSWs using mobile teams operating at multiple sites depending on local client preferences. 911 FSWs were enrolled at baseline and 982 in the exit survey.


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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance among Most-at-Risk Groups in Indonesia, 2007: Surveillance Highlights- Female Sex Workers. Department of Health, Statistics Indonesia, USAID, et al. (2007)

Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance among Most-at-Risk Groups in Indonesia, 2007: Surveillance Highlights- Female Sex Workers. The Department of Health Indonesia, The National AIDS Commission, Komisi Penanggulangan AIDS, et al (2007) Unprotected sex between female sex workers (FSW) and their clients is the second most common route of HIV transmission in Indonesia after sharing of contaminated drug injecting equipment. This summary presents key findings of the 2007 IBBS from eight provinces for two groups of FSW: Direct FSWs (DFSW), who consist of brothel- and street- based sex workers, and Indirect FSWs (IFSW) – women working in karaoke bars, massage parlors, etc. Official estimates are that there were 95,000 - 157,000 Direct FSWs and 85,000 - 107,000 Indirect FSWs in Indonesia in 2006.

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Profile of Female Sex Workers in a Chinese County. Fang X, Li X, Yang H, et al (2007)

Profile of Female Sex Workers in a Chinese County. Fang X, Li X, Yang H, et al (2007)

Does it differ by where they came from and where they work?

Since the 1980s, informal or clandestine sex work in the service or entertainment industry has spread from municipalities to small towns in most areas of China. Despite recognition of the important role of female sex workers in HIV and STD epidemics in China, limited data are available regarding their individual characteristics and social and environmental context of their work. Furthermore, most existing studies on commercial sex in China have been conducted in large cities or tourist attractions. Using data from 454 female sex workers in a rural Chinese county, the current study was designed
to explore the individual profile of commercial sex workers and to examine whether the profile and sexual risk behavior differ by where the female sex workers came from and where they work.



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Profile of Female Sex Workers in a Chinese County. Fang X, Li X, Yang H, et al (2007)

Profile of Female Sex Workers in a Chinese County. Fang X, Li X, Yang H, et al (2007)

Does it differ by where they came from and where they work?

Since the 1980s, informal or clandestine sex work in the service or entertainment industry has spread from municipalities to small towns in most areas of China. Despite recognition of the important role of female sex workers in HIV and STD epidemics in China, limited data are available regarding their individual characteristics and social and environmental context of their work. Furthermore, most existing studies on commercial sex in China have been conducted in large cities or tourist attractions. Using data from 454 female sex workers in a rural Chinese county, the current study was designed
to explore the individual profile of commercial sex workers and to examine whether the profile and sexual risk behavior differ by where the female sex workers came from and where they work.



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Cambodian STI Survey 2005: Key Risk Behaviors and STI Prevalence. NCHADS, FHI, ADB, et al (2006)

Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV and AIDS Pakistan 2008 Update. WHO, UNICEF and UNICEF (2008)

To determine the prevalence of Neisseriagonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponemapallidum, HIV, and related risk behaviors among specific sentinel groups.


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Demography and Sex Work Characteristics of Female Sex Workers in India. Dandona R, Dandona L, Kumar G A, et al (2006)

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The majority of sex work in India is clandestine due to unfavorable legal environment and discrimination against female sex workers (FSWs). We report data on who these women are and when they get involved with sex work that could assist in increasing the reach of HIV prevention activities for them.


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IBBS among Female Sex Workers Pokhara Valley Round II - 2006. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services, and FHI (2006)

IBBS among Female Sex Workers Pokhara Valley Round II - 2006. FHI, New ERA and STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services (2006) This study is the second round of the integrated bio-behavioral survey (IBBS) conducted among 200 female sex workers (FSWs), both street and establishment based, in Pokhara. The IBBS was carried out during the months of January and February 2006. The survey measured HIV and syphilis prevalence among FSWs and variables which are associated with risk of HIV infection, such as condom use, sexual behaviors, knowledge of HIV/AIDS, reported cases of sexually transmitted infections (STI), STI treatment behaviors, exposure to HIV/AIDS messages and drug habits. This survey was also undertaken to compare the findings for condom use and sexual behavior of FSWs in Pokhara from this study with findings from the 2004 study.

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