Risky Business Kiribati: HIV Prevention amongst Women who Board Foreign Fishing Vessels to Sell Sex. McMillan K and Worth H. (2010)

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Fishing and the maritime industry are central to everyday life and both the formal and informal economies of the Republic of Kiribati. In consideration of Kiribati’s vulnerability to HIV, seafarers are always, understandably, a central concern. The issue of I-Kiribati women who board foreign fishing vessels for sex work is a matter that also regularly appears in documents and papers considering HIV prevention strategies for Kiribati. Although there has, to date, been no diagnoses of HIV from among this group, the position of such women as potential vectors of transmission of the virus into the general population of Kiribati tends to be given more prominence than their own specific vulnerabilities.

 

Keywords: HIV, sex work, testing, condom, violence, discrimination

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Scale-Up and Coverage of Avahan: A Large-Scale HIV Prevention Programme among Female Sex Workers and Men Who have Sex with Men in Four Indian States. Verma R, Shekhar A, Khobragade S, et al (2010)

scale_up_HIVprevention_2011_india Documenting the implementation of a public health programme as per its design is critical to interpretation of results from survey-led outcome and impact evaluation activities, the authors describe the scale-up and coverage of large-scale HIV-prevention services provided to female sex workers (FSWs) and high-risk men who have sex with men (HR-MSM) during the first 5 years of the Avahan programme in India.

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The Effects of Scale on the Costs of Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions among Sex Workers, Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgenders in India. S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, et al (2010)

The Effects of Scale on the Costs of Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions among Sex Workers, Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgenders in India. S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, et al (2010) The India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) project is involved in rapid scale-up of HIV-prevention interventions in high-risk populations. This study examines the cost variation of 107 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) implementing targeted interventions, over the start up (defined as period from project inception until services to the key population commenced) and first 2 years of intervention.

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Violence against Female Sex Workers in Karnataka State, South India: Impact on Health, and Reductions in Violence Following an Intervention Program. Beattie, T S H., Bhattacharjee, P., & Ramesh, B M. et al. (2010)

Vietnam: HIV/AIDS TRaC Study among Injecting Drug Users in Mong Cai, Uong Bi, and Thai Nguyen City. DFID and PSI (2006)

Violence against female sex workers (FSWs) can impede HIV prevention efforts and contravenes their human rights. We developed a multi-layered violence intervention targeting policy makers, secondary stakeholders (police, lawyers, media), and primary stakeholders (FSWs), as part of wider HIV prevention programming. This study examined if violence against FSWs is associated with reduced condom use and increased STI/HIV risk, and if addressing violence against FSWs within a large-scale HIV prevention program can reduce levels of violence against them. FSWs were randomly selected to participate in polling booth surveys. 

 

 

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Devising a Female Sex Work Typology Using Data from Karnataka, India. Buzdugan R, Copas A, Moses S, et al (2009)

Devising a Female Sex Work Typology Using Data from Karnataka, India. Buzdugan R, Copas A, Moses S, et al (2009) Most human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission in India is heterosexual, and evidence indicates that a substantial proportion of this transmission relates to sexual networks that include female sex workers (FSWs). Understanding the distribution and organization of female sex work is therefore crucial to developing and implementing evidence-based HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention and treatment programmes. Numerous sex work typologies have been proposed. Typology refers to a classification of FSWs into types or categories. In general, these typologies seek to provide a comprehensive description of the settings in which women practice sex work.

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IBBS 2009, Round IV, Female Sex Workers (FSWs), 22 Terai Highway Districts Fact Sheet. USAID, ASHA Project and National Center for AIDS and STD Control (2009)

IBBS 2009, Round IV, Female Sex Workers (FSWs), 22 Terai Highway Districts Fact Sheet. USAID, ASHA Project and National Center for AIDS and STD Control (2009) The fourth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among female sex workers (FSWs) was conducted in 2009. A total of 600 FSWs were recruited for the study, out of them 400 were recruited from six study sites representing 16 districts between Jhapa district in the Eastern region and Rupandehi district in the Western region along the highway in the Terai.

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IBBS 2009, Round IV, Female Sex Workers (FSWs), 22 Terai Highway Districts Fact Sheet. USAID, ASHA Project and National Center for AIDS and STD Control (2009)

IBBS 2009, Round IV, Female Sex Workers (FSWs), 22 Terai Highway Districts Fact Sheet. USAID, ASHA Project and National Center for AIDS and STD Control (2009) The fourth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among female sex workers (FSWs) was conducted in 2009. A total of 600 FSWs were recruited for the study, out of them 400 were recruited from six study sites representing 16 districts between Jhapa district in the Eastern region and Rupandehi district in the Western region along the highway in the Terai.

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Female Sex Workers in 22 Terai Highway Districts of Nepal. ACNielsen Nepal Pvt Ltd, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services, National Reference Laboratory, et al. (2009)

Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Female Sex Workers in 22 Terai Highway Districts of Nepal. FHI, ACNielsen Nepal Pvt Ltd, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services, et al (2009) The Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Female Sex Workers (IBBS 2009) was launched on February 20, 2009. A total of 600 female sex workers (FSW) were recruited for the study, out of whom 400 were recruited from six study sites representing 16 districts between Jhapa in the eastern region and Rupandehi in the western region along the highway in the terai. Another 200 were recruited from three sites representing six districts between Kapilvastu in the western region and Kanchanpur in the far western region. Data for the study were collected from February 28, 2009 to April 25, 2009.


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Prevalence and Predictors of HIV Infection among Female Sex Workers in Kaiyuan City Yunnan Province China. Wang H, Chen R Y, Ding G, et al (2009)

Prevalence and Predictors of HIV Infection among Female Sex Workers in Kaiyuan City Yunnan Province China. Wang H, Chen R Y, Ding G, et al (2009)

Sexual transmission is the fastest growing route of HIV transmission in China. We
undertook this study to describe the risk factors for HIV infection in female sex workers (FSWs), and to determine the commercial sex venues where FSWs are most at risk of being infected with or infecting others with HIV.


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2005 Cambodia STI Prevalence Survey (IBBS) - Sexually Transmitted Infections and Related Behaviors among Brothel-Based Female Sex Workers, Police, and Men Who Have Sex with Men. Sopheab H, Morineau G, Neal JJ, et al (2008)

Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV and AIDS Pakistan 2008 Update. WHO, UNICEF and UNICEF (2008)

The objectives of this survey were: 1) to estimate the prevalence of gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and related risk behaviors among three sentinel groups; 2) to estimate HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM); and 3) to provide data for planning and management of sexually transmitted infection (STI) control and prevention programs.

 

 

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