Assessing Reported Condom Use among Female Sex Workers in Southern India through Examination of Condom Availability. Bradley J, Moses S, Blanchard JF, et al (2010)

assessing_reported_condom_use_among_FSW_india_2011 A key indicator of success of HIV prevention programmes is the number of female sex worker (FSW) sex acts protected by condoms. This measure usually relies on FSW reports, which may be biased. We examined condom availability data in five Karnataka districts to estimate the proportion of FSW sex acts potentially protected by condoms.

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Cambodia: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Cambodia: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Cambodia is internationally recognized for having successfully reduced its HIV prevalence among the general population from about 3% in 1997 to 0.7% in 2009. Sex work played a significant role in the spread of the HIV epidemic during the nineties. Since 1999, HIV prevalence has declined among direct and indirect sex workers, although levels remain high. The 100% condom use promotion strategy has been credited for having played a major role in the decline of HIV.

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China: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

China: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) In China, HIV prevalence among the general population is 0.06%, with the number of infections continuing to increase. At the end of 2009, an estimated 740,000 adults and children were living with HIV (range 560,000‐920,000) and another 105,000 had AIDS. Although infections have been reported in all 31 provinces, it is estimated that 80% of people living with HIV reside in rural areas. The number of new HIV cases was estimated at 48,000 in 2009. Overall, China is still experiencing a low‐prevalence, yet growing epidemic, with some key regions experiencing high‐prevalence epidemics.

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CRiSP-Community Based Risk Behavioural and Seroprevalence Survey for Female Sex Workers in Hong Kong 2009. Centre for Health Protection (2010)

CRiSP-Community Based Risk Behavioural and Seroprevalence Survey for Female Sex Workers in Hong Kong 2009. Centre for Health Protection (2010) CRiSP was done for the first time in 2006, revealing an HIV prevalence of 0.19% in female sex workers (FSW). In 2009, Department of Health commissioned Chinese University of Hong Kong to repeat the CRiSP survey, in collaboration with the Hong Kong Coalition of AIDS Service Organization Sex Industry Sub-Committee member organizations including Action for REACH out, AIDS Concern, Community Health Organization for Intervention, Care and Empowerment, Hong Kong Caritas, Hong Kong AIDS Foundation and Hong Kong Society of Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention. It aims to understand the trend of HIV prevalence among FSW and provide data for planning of prevention activities.

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HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors Among Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Yunnan, China. Jin X, Smith K, Chen RY, et al (2010)

HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors Among Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Yunnan, China. Jin X, Smith K, Chen RY, et al (2010) Clients of FSWs serve as potential bridges for HIV transmission from the high-risk FSWs to the low-risk general population, making them a key target for intervention. High HIV prevalence rates among clients in Kaiyuan is particularly alarming given their risk behavior patterns including high rates of partner exchange, low condom use rates, and drug-using behaviors. Innovative interventions are needed to reduce the risk of HIV among clients and reduce the bridge of transmission to the general population.

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Myanmar: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Myanmar: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, has a population of 50 million people. The estimated nation‐wide population of sex workers in 2007 was between 40,000 and 80,000 and the population of their clients between 840,000 and 1,400,000 (Table 1). One predominantly qualitative study of female sex workers (FSWs) in Yangon estimated that there were around 100 brothels throughout the city and in various townships (as of 2003).

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Pakistan: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Pakistan: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Until recently, Pakistan was considered as a ‘low HIV prevalence, high risk country’ in relation to HIV. The country is now classified as having a concentrated epidemic, with an HIV prevalence of more than 5% among injecting drug users (IDUs) in at least eight major cities in three of the four provinces and among Hijras sex workers in at least one city. At the end of 2009, it was estimated that were 97,400 people living with HIV and AIDS, with 2,917 patients registered across the country, among whom 1,320 are on antiretroviral drug therapy. The national adult HIV prevalence among the general population remains under 0.1%.

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Programme Exposure and Sexual Behaviour in Female Sex Workers, Bellary District, Karnataka State. Rajaram S, Roy A, Gurav K, et al (2010)

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India has an estimated 2.4 million people infected with HIV and unprotected paid sex
remains a key factor in its continued spread, particularly in the southern states. The National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) has classified Bellary district as one of the highest prevalence districts in Karnataka. In October 2005, approximately 3,129 female sex workers (FSWs) were mapped in Bellary district, of which approximately 15.7% were estimated to be HIV infected. Sex work in Bellary urban is predominantly home-based with FSWs soliciting sex in public places across the city, and mostly entertaining their clients in a home setting.


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Risky Business Kiribati: HIV Prevention amongst Women who Board Foreign Fishing Vessels to Sell Sex. McMillan K and Worth H. (2010)

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Fishing and the maritime industry are central to everyday life and both the formal and informal economies of the Republic of Kiribati. In consideration of Kiribati’s vulnerability to HIV, seafarers are always, understandably, a central concern. The issue of I-Kiribati women who board foreign fishing vessels for sex work is a matter that also regularly appears in documents and papers considering HIV prevention strategies for Kiribati. Although there has, to date, been no diagnoses of HIV from among this group, the position of such women as potential vectors of transmission of the virus into the general population of Kiribati tends to be given more prominence than their own specific vulnerabilities.

 

Keywords: HIV, sex work, testing, condom, violence, discrimination

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Scale-Up and Coverage of Avahan: A Large-Scale HIV Prevention Programme among Female Sex Workers and Men Who have Sex with Men in Four Indian States. Verma R, Shekhar A, Khobragade S, et al (2010)

scale_up_HIVprevention_2011_india Documenting the implementation of a public health programme as per its design is critical to interpretation of results from survey-led outcome and impact evaluation activities, the authors describe the scale-up and coverage of large-scale HIV-prevention services provided to female sex workers (FSWs) and high-risk men who have sex with men (HR-MSM) during the first 5 years of the Avahan programme in India.

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